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Chemical reaction pathways affecting stratospheric and mesospheric ozone

Grenfell, John Lee and Lehmann, Ralph and Mieth, Peter and Langematz, Ulrike and Steil, Benedikt (2006) Chemical reaction pathways affecting stratospheric and mesospheric ozone. Journal of Geophysical Research, 111. AGU. DOI: doi:10.1029/2004JD005713

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Abstract

Catalytic cycles and other chemical pathways affecting ozone are normally estimated empirically in atmospheric models. In this work we have automatically quantified such processes by applying a newly developed analysis package called the “Pathway Analysis Program” (PAP). It used modeled chemical rates and concentrations as input. These were supplied by the “Module Efficiently Calculating the Chemistry of the Atmosphere” MECCA box model, itself initialized by the Free University of Berlin Climate Middle Atmosphere Model with Chemistry. We analyzed equatorial, midlatitude and high-latitude locations over 24-hour periods during spring in both hemispheres. We present results for locations in the lower stratosphere, upper stratosphere and midmesosphere. Oxygen photolysis dominated (>99%) in situ ozone production in the equatorial lower stratosphere, in the upper stratosphere and in the mesosphere. In the lower stratosphere midlatitudes the “ozone smog cycle” (already established in the troposphere) rivaled oxygen photolysis as an in situ ozone source in both hemispheres. However, absolute ozone production rates in midlatitudes were rather slow compared with at the equator, typically 16–50 ppt ozone/day. In the equatorial lower stratosphere, five catalytic sinks were important (each contributing at least 5% to chemical ozone loss): a HOx cycle, a HOBr cycle and its HOCl analog, a water-HOx cycle and a mixed chlorine-bromine cycle. Important in midlatitudes were the HOx cycle, a NOx cycle, the HOBr cycle and the mixed chlorine-bromine cycle. In lower-stratosphere high latitudes, the chlorine dimer cycle and the mixed chlorine-bromine cycle dominated in both hemispheres. A variant on the latter, involving BrCl formation, also featured. In the upper stratosphere high latitudes (where strong negative ozone trends are observed), a nitrogen cycle, a chlorine cycle, and a mixed chlorine-nitrogen cycle were found. In the mesosphere, three closely related HOx cycles dominated ozone loss.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/44736/
Document Type:Article
Title:Chemical reaction pathways affecting stratospheric and mesospheric ozone
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Grenfell, John LeeUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Lehmann, RalphAlfred-Wegener-Institut für Polar- und Meeresforschung, Potsdam, GermanyUNSPECIFIED
Mieth, PeterInstitut für Meteorologie, Freie Universität BerlinUNSPECIFIED
Langematz, UlrikeInstitut für Meteorologie, Freie Universität BerlinUNSPECIFIED
Steil, BenediktMax-Planck-Institut für Chemie (Otto-Hahn-Institut), Mainz, GermanyUNSPECIFIED
Date:2006
Journal or Publication Title:Journal of Geophysical Research
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Volume:111
DOI :doi:10.1029/2004JD005713
Publisher:AGU
Status:Published
Keywords:Mesosphere, Ozone
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport (old)
HGF - Program:Space (old)
HGF - Program Themes:W EW - Erforschung des Weltraums
DLR - Research area:Space
DLR - Program:W EW - Erforschung des Weltraums
DLR - Research theme (Project):W - Vorhaben Extrasolare Planeten (old)
Location: Berlin-Adlershof
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Planetary Research > Extrasolar Planets and Atmospheres
Deposited By: Hedelt, Pascal
Deposited On:10 Oct 2006
Last Modified:14 Jan 2010 23:21

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