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Interaction of the Solar Wind With Weak Obstacles: Hybrid Simulations for Weakly Active Comets and For Mars

Motschmann, Uwe and Kührt, Ekkehard (2006) Interaction of the Solar Wind With Weak Obstacles: Hybrid Simulations for Weakly Active Comets and For Mars. In: American Astronomical Society, DPS meeting #38, #29.11. American Astronomical Society. DPS Meeting 2006, 2006-10-08 - 2006-10-13, Pasadena, CA (USA).

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Obstacles in the solar wind are weak when their extension is small or comparable to the characteristic ion gyroradii. In this case interactions involve kinetic features, and hybrid models are an adequate description. A hybrid code operating on a curvilinear 3D grid and its application to solar wind interaction with weak obstacles are discussed. The cases of weak comets and the planet Mars are taken as examples. The cometary case is adapted to 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko (CG), which is the target of the Rosetta mission. The hybrid simulations follow the evolution of the plasma environment between heliocentric distances of 3.25AU and 1.3AU. Beyond 3.25AU the activity of CG is extremely weak and the cometary ions mainly behave as test particles. For decreasing distances from the Sun the cometary ion production rate increases and the reaction of the cometary plasma to the solar wind becomes significant. Plasma structures such as a cometopause, bow shock and precursors of a magnetic cavity appear. The cometopause separates the cometary plasma and solar-wind plasma in a pronounced way. There is a typical asymmetry in the interaction region, including the tail. In certain respects the structures in the case of Mars are comparable to those of CG. The cometopause is replaced by the ion composition boundary, which separates Martian plasma and solar-wind plasma. The bow shock and the asymmetry in the interaction region are similar to the cometary case. However, the largely constant heliocentric distance of Mars gives rise to much less evolution in the plasma structures.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/44381/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Poster)
Title:Interaction of the Solar Wind With Weak Obstacles: Hybrid Simulations for Weakly Active Comets and For Mars
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Date:24 July 2006
Journal or Publication Title:American Astronomical Society, DPS meeting #38
Refereed publication:No
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Page Range:#29.11
Publisher:American Astronomical Society
Keywords:Comets, Tails, Solar Wind Interaction, Comae, Gas-Dust Interaction, Martian Plasma
Event Title:DPS Meeting 2006
Event Location:Pasadena, CA (USA)
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:2006-10-08 - 2006-10-13
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport (old)
HGF - Program:Space (old)
HGF - Program Themes:W EW - Erforschung des Weltraums
DLR - Research area:Space
DLR - Program:W EW - Erforschung des Weltraums
DLR - Research theme (Project):W - Projekt ROSETTA Instrumente (old)
Location: Berlin-Adlershof
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Planetary Research > Asteroids and Comets
Deposited By: Kührt, Dr.rer.nat. Ekkehard
Deposited On:25 Jan 2007
Last Modified:14 Jan 2010 23:11

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