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Accuracy analysis for DSM and orthoimages derived from SPOT HRS stereo data using direct georeferencing

Reinartz, Peter and Müller, Rupert and Lehner, Manfred and Schroeder, Manfred (2006) Accuracy analysis for DSM and orthoimages derived from SPOT HRS stereo data using direct georeferencing. ISPRS Journal of Photogrammetry & Remote Sensing, 60 (3), pp. 160-169. Elsevier. ISSN 0924-2716.

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During the HRS (High Resolution Stereo) Scientific Assessment Program the French space agency CNES delivered data sets from the HRS camera system with high precision ancillary data. Two test data sets from this program were evaluated: one is located in Germany, the other in Spain. The first goal was to derive orthoimages and digital surface models (DSM) from the along-track stereo data by applying the rigorous model with direct georeferencing and without ground control points (GCPs). For the derivation of DSM, the stereo processing software, developed at DLR for the MOMS-2P three line stereo camera was used. As a first step, the interior and exterior orientation of the camera, delivered as ancillary data from positioning and attitude systems were extracted. A dense image matching, using nearly all pixels as kernel centers provided the parallaxes. The quality of the stereo tie points was controlled by forward and backward matching of the two stereo partners using the local least squares matching method. Forward intersection lead to points in object space which are subsequently interpolated to a DSM in a regular grid. DEM filtering methods were also applied and evaluations carried out differentiating between accuracies in forest and other areas. Additionally, orthoimages were generated from the images of the two stereo looking directions. The orthoimage and DSM accuracy was determined by using GCPs and available reference DEMs of superior accuracy (DEM derived from laser data and/or classical airborne photogrammetry). As expected the results obtained without using GCPs showed a bias in the order of 5 m – 20 m to the reference data for all three coordinates. By image matching it could be shown that the two independently derived orthoimages exhibit a very constant shift behavior. In a second step few GCPs (3-4) were used to calculate boresight alignment angles, introduced into the direct georeferencing process of each image independently. This method improved the absolute accuracy of the resulting orthoimages and DSM significantly.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/44183/
Document Type:Article
Title:Accuracy analysis for DSM and orthoimages derived from SPOT HRS stereo data using direct georeferencing
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iD
Date:June 2006
Journal or Publication Title:ISPRS Journal of Photogrammetry & Remote Sensing
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Page Range:pp. 160-169
EditorsEmailEditor's ORCID iD
Keywords:SPOT HRS, direct georeferencing, orthoimages, DSM generation, accuracy analysis, boresight alignment
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport (old)
HGF - Program:Space (old)
HGF - Program Themes:W EO - Erdbeobachtung
DLR - Research area:Space
DLR - Program:W EO - Erdbeobachtung
DLR - Research theme (Project):W - Vorhaben Bildwissenschaften (old)
Location: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institutes and Institutions:Remote Sensing Technology Institute > Image Science
Deposited By: Reinartz, Prof. Dr.. Peter
Deposited On:14 Jul 2006
Last Modified:27 Apr 2009 12:59

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