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Psychological Countermeasures for Extended Manned Spaceflights

Manzey, D. and Schiewe, A. and Fassbender, C. (1995) Psychological Countermeasures for Extended Manned Spaceflights. Acta Astronautica, 34, pp. 339-361. Elsevier, Oxford, GB.

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Abstract

During extended manned space missions astronauts are exposed to many different psychological stressors like, e.g., confimement, isolation from family and friends, lack of privacy, sensory deprivation, dependance on life support systems. All of these stressors may impair the mental and emotional state of astronauts and may lead to inter- personal problems within space crews. Based on a review of the psychological problems associated with manned spaceflights, possible countermeasures for these problems are discussed and a comprehensive concept for implementing these countermeasures is outlined. Counter- measures include (1) different strategies of psychological selection of individual astronauts as well as entire space crews, (2) possible pre-flight training activities in order to prepare individual astro- nauts or whole space crews for their (common) stay in space, and (3) possibilities to provide psychological support during the actual mission, selection and training activities in space programs. The description and discussion of countermeasures is complemented by two case reports which provide detailed descriptions of applications of some of the proposed countermeasures (1) in the context of prepara- tion of German astronauts for a shuttle-flight, and (2) in the con- text of a European simulation study of a long term space mission (EXEMSI'92).

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/27182/
Document Type:Article
Additional Information: LIDO-Berichtsjahr=1995, pages=23,
Title:Psychological Countermeasures for Extended Manned Spaceflights
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Manzey, D.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Schiewe, A.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Fassbender, C.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Date:1995
Journal or Publication Title:Acta Astronautica
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Volume:34
Page Range:pp. 339-361
Publisher:Elsevier, Oxford, GB
Series Name:35
Status:Published
Keywords:manned spaceflights, astronaut selection, astronaut training, space crews, human factors in space
HGF - Research field:UNSPECIFIED
HGF - Program:Space (old)
HGF - Program Themes:W EO - Erdbeobachtung
DLR - Research area:UNSPECIFIED
DLR - Program:W EO - Erdbeobachtung
DLR - Research theme (Project):UNSPECIFIED
Location: Köln-Porz
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Aerospace Medicine
Deposited By: DLR-Beauftragter, elib
Deposited On:02 Apr 2006
Last Modified:27 Apr 2009 06:31

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