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Changes in Atmospheric Chemistry over the Habitable Zone for Earthlike Planets Orbiting Main Sequence Stars

Grenfell, John Lee (2006) Changes in Atmospheric Chemistry over the Habitable Zone for Earthlike Planets Orbiting Main Sequence Stars. 4th Planetary Formation Workshop, 2006-03-01 - 2006-03-03, Heidelberg, Germany.

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We have used a coupled radiative-convective photochemical column model to calculate changes in atmospheric biomarkers on a planet having Earth's composition which we situated at the inner, mid, and outer Habitable Zone (HZ) for a solar, F2V and K2V star. The HZ was defined conservatively to be suitable for humans i.e. 0°C &lt; T <sub>surface</sub> &lt; 30°C which led to the model calculating a narrow HZ width of (0.95-1.09) Astronomical Units (AU) for the solar-type star, (1.59-1.80) AU for the F2V star and (0.51-0.59) AU for the K2V star. Despite the narrowness of the HZ the biomarkers H<sub>2</sub>O, CH<sub>4</sub> and CH<sub>3</sub>Cl varied by large amounts across the solar HZ, for example. Whereas H<sub>2</sub>O decreased moving outwards across the HZ due to enhanced condensation in the troposphere, CH<sub>4</sub> and CH<sub>3</sub>Cl increased associated with a slowing in H<sub>2</sub>O+O<sup>1</sup>D --&gt; 2OH, hence less OH, an important sink for these two compounds. Ozone changes were smaller across the HZ. A source-sink analysis suggested the important process was a slowing in the O<sub>3</sub>+hv sink. We also considered changes in species which impact ozone – the so-called family species (and their reservoirs) which can catalytically destroy ozone. HCl, for example is a chlorine reservoir (storage) molecule, which increased by a factor 5-10 on moving outwards over the solar HZ. For the F2V and K2V stars, similar sources and sinks dominated the chemical biomarker budget as for the solar case and columns trends were comparable across the HZ. Ratios of biomarkers are easier to detect than are absolute concentrations. Our results imply that ratios such as (O<sub>3</sub>/H<sub>2</sub>O) and (CH<sub>4</sub>/H<sub>2</sub>O) can vary by large amounts and still be consistent with habitability, even for a conservatively-defined HZ.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/22598/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Title:Changes in Atmospheric Chemistry over the Habitable Zone for Earthlike Planets Orbiting Main Sequence Stars
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iDORCID Put Code
Refereed publication:No
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Keywords:Habitable Zone, Exoplanets, Biomarkers
Event Title:4th Planetary Formation Workshop
Event Location:Heidelberg, Germany
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:2006-03-01 - 2006-03-03
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport (old)
HGF - Program:Space (old)
HGF - Program Themes:W EW - Erforschung des Weltraums
DLR - Research area:Space
DLR - Program:W EW - Erforschung des Weltraums
DLR - Research theme (Project):W - Vorhaben Extrasolare Planeten (old)
Location: Berlin-Adlershof
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Planetary Research > Extrasolar Planets and Atmospheres
Deposited By: Hedelt, Pascal
Deposited On:08 Mar 2006
Last Modified:14 Jan 2010 21:00

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