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Radiative forcing since preindustrial times due to ozone change in the troposphere and the lower stratosphere

Gauss, Michael and Myhre, G. and Isaksen, I.S.A. and Grewe, Volker and Pitari, G. and Wild, O. and Collins, W.J. and Dentener, F.J. and Ellingsen, K. and Gohar, L.K. and Hauglustaine, D.A. and Iachetti, D. and Lamarque, J.-F. and Mancini, E. and Mickley, L.J. and Prather, M.J. and Pyle, J.A. and Sanderson, M.G. and Shine, K.P. and Stevenson, D.S. and Sudo, K. and Szopa, S. and Zeng, G. (2006) Radiative forcing since preindustrial times due to ozone change in the troposphere and the lower stratosphere. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 6, pp. 575-599. Copernicus Publications.

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Official URL: http://www.copernicus.org/EGU/acp/acp/6/575/acp-6-575.pdf

Abstract

Changes in atmospheric ozone have occurred since the preindustrial era as a result of increasing anthropogenic emissions. Within ACCENT, a European Network of Excellence, ozone changes between 1850 and 2000 are assessed for the troposphere and the lower stratosphere (up to 30 km) by a variety of seven chemistry-climate models and three chemical transport models. The modeled ozone changes are taken as input for detailed calculations of radiative forcing. When only changes in chemistry are considered (constant climate) the modeled global-mean tropospheric ozone column increase since preindustrial times ranges from 7.9 DU to 13.8 DU among the ten participating models, while the stratospheric column reduction lies between 14.1 DU and 28.6 DU in the models considering stratospheric chemistry. The resulting radiative forcing is strongly dependent on the location and altitude of the modeled ozone change and varies between 0.25 Wm<sup>−2</sup> and 0.45 Wm<sup>−2</sup> due to ozone change in the troposphere and −0.123 Wm<sup>−2</sup> and +0.066 Wm<sup>−2</sup> due to the stratospheric ozone change. Changes in ozone and other greenhouse gases since preindustrial times have altered climate. Six out of the ten participating models have performed an additional calculation taking into account both chemical and climate change. In most models the isolated effect of climate change is an enhancement of the tropospheric ozone column increase, while the stratospheric reduction becomes slightly less severe. In the three climate-chemistry models with detailed tropospheric and stratospheric chemistry the inclusion of climate change increases the resulting radiative forcing due to tropospheric ozone change by up to 0.10 Wm<sup>−2</sup>, while the radiative forcing due to stratospheric ozone change is reduced by up to 0.034 Wm<sup>−2</sup>. Considering tropospheric and stratospheric change combined, the total ozone column change is negative while the resulting net radiative forcing is positive.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/22524/
Document Type:Article
Title:Radiative forcing since preindustrial times due to ozone change in the troposphere and the lower stratosphere
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Gauss, MichaelUniv. of Oslo, Oslo, NUNSPECIFIED
Myhre, G.Univ. of Oslo, Oslo, NUNSPECIFIED
Isaksen, I.S.A.Univ. of Oslo, Oslo, NUNSPECIFIED
Grewe, VolkerUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Pitari, G.Univ. de L’Aquila, Coppito, L’Aquila, IUNSPECIFIED
Wild, O.JAMSTEC, Yokohama, JUNSPECIFIED
Collins, W.J.Met Office, Exeter, Devon, UKUNSPECIFIED
Dentener, F.J.Joint Research Centre, Ispra, IUNSPECIFIED
Ellingsen, K.Univ. of Oslo, Oslo, NUNSPECIFIED
Gohar, L.K.Univ. of Reading, Reading, UKUNSPECIFIED
Hauglustaine, D.A.LSCE, Gif-sur-Yvette, FUNSPECIFIED
Iachetti, D.Univ. de L’Aquila, Coppito, L’Aquila, IUNSPECIFIED
Lamarque, J.-F.NCAR, Boulder, CO, USAUNSPECIFIED
Mancini, E.Univ. de L’Aquila, Coppito, L’Aquila, IUNSPECIFIED
Mickley, L.J.Harvard Univ., Cambridge, MA, USAUNSPECIFIED
Prather, M.J.Univ. of California, Irvine, USAUNSPECIFIED
Pyle, J.A.Cambridge Univ., Cambridge, UKUNSPECIFIED
Sanderson, M.G.Met Office, Exeter, Devon, UKUNSPECIFIED
Shine, K.P.Univ. of Reading, Reading, UKUNSPECIFIED
Stevenson, D.S.Univ. of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, UKUNSPECIFIED
Sudo, K.JAMSTEC, Yokohama, JUNSPECIFIED
Szopa, S.LSCE, Gif-sur-Yvette, FUNSPECIFIED
Zeng, G.Cambridge Univ., Cambridge, UKUNSPECIFIED
Date:February 2006
Journal or Publication Title:Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:Yes
In SCOPUS:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Volume:6
Page Range:pp. 575-599
Publisher:Copernicus Publications
Status:Published
Keywords:IPCC, ozone changes, pre-industrial, climate-chemistry interations
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport (old)
HGF - Program:Space (old)
HGF - Program Themes:W EO - Erdbeobachtung
DLR - Research area:Space
DLR - Program:W EO - Erdbeobachtung
DLR - Research theme (Project):W - Vorhaben Atmosphären- und Klimaforschung (old)
Location: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Atmospheric Physics > Atmospheric Dynamics
Deposited By: Grewe, Prof. Dr. Volker
Deposited On:12 Sep 2007
Last Modified:02 May 2019 14:03

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