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Risk assessment of war wrecks, a comprehensive approach investigating four wrecks containing munitions in the German Bight/North Sea

Bergann, Sven and Brenner, Matthias and Strehse, Jennifer S. and Bünning, Tobias and Maser, Edmund and Grassel, Philipp and Heuskin, David and Brandt, David and Berger, Marco Werner and van der Wulp, Simon and Skellhorn, Mathew and Hill, Polly and Van Haelst, Sven and De Rijcke, Maarten and Wichert, Uwe (2024) Risk assessment of war wrecks, a comprehensive approach investigating four wrecks containing munitions in the German Bight/North Sea. Propellants, Explosives, Pyrotechnics. Wiley. doi: 10.1002/prep.202300322. ISSN 0721-3115.

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Abstract

Shipwrecks and dumped munition continue to be a major hazard, both in the North Sea but also on a global scale. Research within the EU Interreg project North Sea Wrecks (NSW), in cooperation with the German Aerospace Centre, Institute for the Protection of Maritime Infrastructures (DLR), is generating new insights into the status of wrecks, the potential leakage of pollutants from remaining munitions loads and the effects of contamination on exposed marine organisms in the North Sea environment. Further, historical documents are generated from archives to describe ship’s history and sinking scenario. These historical findings were compared to models and images of the visual inspections of the wrecks. Further, samples of water, sediment and organisms are being analysed for traces of explosives. Combining the results of these different fields of research allows for a better understanding of the environmental risks deriving from these wrecks. This process is shown below by focusing on the wreck of the German light cruiser SMS MAINZ, which sank in 1914. Data were compared to three additional wrecks situated also within the southern German Bight. Available data about the wrecks were preliminary assessed using a wreck risk model. Finally, wrecks were ranked according to their potential environmental risk.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/202204/
Document Type:Article
Additional Information:The research work was co-funded by the European Union (European Regional Development Fund) under the North Sea Interreg Programme 2014-2020. Research was conducted, within the framework of the project “North Sea Wrecks - An Opportunity for Blue Growth: Healthy Environment, Shipping, Energy Production and –transmission (NSW).
Title:Risk assessment of war wrecks, a comprehensive approach investigating four wrecks containing munitions in the German Bight/North Sea
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iDORCID Put Code
Bergann, Sven1German Maritime Museum – Leibniz Institute for Maritime History, Hans-Scharoun-Platz 1, 27568 Bremerhaven, GermanyUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Brenner, MatthiasUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Strehse, Jennifer S.UNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-8385-4479UNSPECIFIED
Bünning, TobiasUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-2147-6804UNSPECIFIED
Maser, EdmundUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Grassel, Philipp1German Maritime Museum – Leibniz Institute for Maritime History, Hans-Scharoun-Platz 1, 27568 Bremerhaven, GermanyUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Heuskin, DavidUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Brandt, DavidUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Berger, Marco WernerUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-1134-4357UNSPECIFIED
van der Wulp, SimonUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-2072-6736UNSPECIFIED
Skellhorn, MathewSalvage and Marine Operations, Ministry of Defence Abbey Wood, Bristol, BS34 8JH, United KingdomUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Hill, PollySalvage and Marine Operations, Ministry of Defence Abbey Wood, Bristol, BS34 8JH, United KingdomUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Van Haelst, SvenFlanders Marine Institute (VLIZ), Wandelaarkaai 7, 8400 Oostende, BelgiumUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
De Rijcke, MaartenFlanders Marine Institute (VLIZ), Wandelaarkaai 7, 8400 Oostende, BelgiumUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Wichert, UweUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Date:2024
Journal or Publication Title:Propellants, Explosives, Pyrotechnics
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
DOI:10.1002/prep.202300322
Publisher:Wiley
ISSN:0721-3115
Status:Accepted
Keywords:shipwrecks; underwater munition; marine pollution; historical documents; underwater inspection; chemical analysis; biological effects of explosives; data fusion; maritime risk assessment
HGF - Research field:other
HGF - Program:other
HGF - Program Themes:other
DLR - Research area:no assignment
DLR - Program:no assignment
DLR - Research theme (Project):no assignment
Location: Bremerhaven
Institutes and Institutions:Institute for the Protection of Maritime Infrastructures > Maritime Security Technologies
Deposited By: Heuskin, David
Deposited On:31 Jan 2024 16:22
Last Modified:08 Apr 2024 14:29

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