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Experimental investigation of heating augmentation by particle kinetic energy conversion in dust laden supersonic flows

Allofs, Dirk and Neeb, Dominik and Gülhan, Ali (2023) Experimental investigation of heating augmentation by particle kinetic energy conversion in dust laden supersonic flows. Experiments in Fluids, 64. Springer Nature. doi: 10.1007/s00348-023-03718-4. ISSN 0723-4864.

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Official URL: https://link.springer.com/content/pdf/10.1007/s00348-023-03718-4.pdf

Abstract

The presence of particles in supersonic flows can cause significant increases in stagnation point heat fluxes (Dunbar et al. in AIAA J 13:908–912, 1975). This effect is commonly named particle-induced heat flux augmentation or just heating augmentation. Heating augmentation can be described as the sum of the conversion of kinetic energy of the particles into thermal energy, characterized by the energy conversion efficiency, also called accommodation coefficient, and the increase of convective heat flux (Polezhaev et al. in High Temp 30:1147–1153, 1992; Vasilevskii and Osiptsov in Experimental and numerical study of heat transfer on a blunt body in dusty hypersonic flow 33rd thermophysics conference, American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, 1999). Although the accommodation coefficient is fundamental for heating augmenta- tion characterization, there is only a small number of experimental datasets for it. This work focusses on the experimental determination of the accommodation coefficient in flow regimes at Mach number 2.1, Reynolds number, based on the probe nose diameter, from approx. 6e5 to 1.8e6, and nominal particle sizes of approx. 20 um. The decrease of particle velocity and kinetic energy flux in the shock layer is measured with highly resolved shadowgraphy for individual particles. The particle kinetic energy flux is decreased by 29% on average by particle deceleration in the shock layer. Negligible kinetic energy fluxes of rebounded particles were measured. The accommodation coefficient is approx. 0.36 for Al 2 O 3 and SiO 2 particles, while it is approx. 0.09 for MgO particles. Hence, it is significantly smaller than the widely used value of 0.7, based on the study of (Fleener and Watson in Convective heating in dust-laden hypersonic flows 8th thermophysics conference, 1973), but in good agreement with values given in (Hove and Shih in Reentry vehicle stagnation region heat transfer in particle environments 15th aerospace sciences meeting, 1977) and (Molleson and Stasenko in High Temp 55:87–94, 2017. https:// doi.org/10.1134/S0018151X1701014X ). No difference between erosive and elastic particle reflection mode was detected on the conversion efficiency. The data from a simplification of the modeling approach of the conversion efficiency for elastic particle reflection by Molleson and Stasenko (2017) are in poor agreement with experimental data.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/200841/
Document Type:Article
Title:Experimental investigation of heating augmentation by particle kinetic energy conversion in dust laden supersonic flows
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iDORCID Put Code
Allofs, DirkUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-3776-1853UNSPECIFIED
Neeb, DominikUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-5848-3055UNSPECIFIED
Gülhan, AliUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-4905-5881UNSPECIFIED
Date:30 October 2023
Journal or Publication Title:Experiments in Fluids
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Volume:64
DOI:10.1007/s00348-023-03718-4
Publisher:Springer Nature
ISSN:0723-4864
Status:Published
Keywords:Particle Size, Velocity, number concentration, two phase flows, dust-laden flows, supersonic flows, shock layer, particle kinetic energy, heat flux augmentation, heating augmentation, stagnation point heat flux, convective heat flux, accomodation coefficient
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Space Transportation
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R RP - Space Transportation
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - XTRAS - EXperTiese RAumtranSport
Location: Köln-Porz
Institutes and Institutions:Institute for Aerodynamics and Flow Technology > Supersonic and Hypersonic Technology
Deposited By: Allofs, Dirk
Deposited On:14 Dec 2023 09:29
Last Modified:14 Dec 2023 09:29

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