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Nitromethane as a Green Propellant: First Results of a Combustion Test Campaign

Kurilov, Maxim and Werling, Lukas and Kirchberger, Christoph and Schlechtriem, Stefan (2023) Nitromethane as a Green Propellant: First Results of a Combustion Test Campaign. Aerospace Europe Conference 2023 Joint 10th EUCASS - 9th CEAS Conference, 2023-07-09 - 2023-07-13, Lausanne, Schweiz. doi: 10.13009/EUCASS2023-372.

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Abstract

Because of hydrazine's carcinogenic and toxic nature its use in space propulsion is expensive and may lead to significant delays. One already established alternative is to use energetic salt-based ionic liquid propellants, dissolving ammonium dinitramide or hydroxyl ammonium nitrate in water with additives. However, with this approach costs remain high because these substances are quite costly and highly regulated due to their partly unstable and energetic nature. Nitromethane, being a widely available solvent, offers a cost-effective solution, with comparable propulsive performance. In this paper results of a hot-fire test campaign are presented. Stable combustion using NMP-001 a nitromethane-based monopropellant at 15 to 40 bar pressure at 84 to 94 % C*-efficiency in a combustion chamber with L* = 9 to 11.7 m was demonstrated.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/199835/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Title:Nitromethane as a Green Propellant: First Results of a Combustion Test Campaign
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iDORCID Put Code
Kurilov, MaximUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-0256-7126UNSPECIFIED
Werling, LukasUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-4353-2931UNSPECIFIED
Kirchberger, ChristophUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-7574-2581147693029
Schlechtriem, StefanDLR Lampoldshausen, Institut für Raumfahrtantriebehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-3714-9664UNSPECIFIED
Date:2023
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
DOI:10.13009/EUCASS2023-372
Status:Published
Keywords:Nitromethane, green propulsion, spacecraft, satellite, New Space, RCS, DACS, hydrazine replacement, monopropellant, characteristic length, combustion efficiency
Event Title:Aerospace Europe Conference 2023 Joint 10th EUCASS - 9th CEAS Conference
Event Location:Lausanne, Schweiz
Event Type:international Conference
Event Start Date:9 July 2023
Event End Date:13 July 2023
HGF - Research field:other
HGF - Program:other
HGF - Program Themes:other
DLR - Research area:Aeronautics
DLR - Program:L DT - Defense Technology
DLR - Research theme (Project):L - Effect
Location: Lampoldshausen
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Space Propulsion > Spacecraft and Orbital Propulsion
Deposited By: Kurilov, Maxim
Deposited On:29 Nov 2023 09:10
Last Modified:24 Apr 2024 21:00

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