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Photocatalytic Activity and Electron Storage Capability of TiO2 Aerogels with an Adjustable Surface Area

Hofmann, Anja and Rose, Alexandra and Voepel, Pascal and Milow, Barbara and Marschall, Roland (2023) Photocatalytic Activity and Electron Storage Capability of TiO2 Aerogels with an Adjustable Surface Area. MRS Spring Meeting, 2023-04-10 - 2023-04-14, San Francisco, US.

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TiO2 aerogels are suitable candidates for photocatalytic applications due to their high surface area with presumably high amount of reactive sites and improved charge separation. Furthermore, TiO2 in general is known for the trapping of electrons close to the surface with the formation of Ti3+ states, which shows a characteristic broad absorption at a maximum of 650 nm and dark blue coloration. These stored electrons can be used for different reduction reactions, like the reaction with different metal ions to metal nanoparticles.A very promising dark reduction reaction for these stored electrons is the nitrogen reduction reaction, which was reported the first time in 2011 for TiO2 colloids. Herein, we present a detailed investigation of electron storage capability and photocatalytic activity of varying mesoporous TiO2 aerogels. These aerogels were prepared via a novel modified acid catalyzed sol-gel synthesis with subsequent supercritical drying and different calcination treatments. Absorption measurements revealed an increased storage of photogenerated electrons upon sunlight irradiation) in water-methanol mixtures with decreasing calcination temperature and increasing surface area, which goes in line with a decreased hydrogen evolution rate. The electron storage capability further depends on the concentration of the hole scavenger. Reduction reaction of photogenerated electrons in the aerogels in the dark are shown on the one hand by the reduction of Pt ions in hydrogen evolution experiments, and on the other hand by nitrogen reduction to ammonia verified by salicylate test.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/199701/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Title:Photocatalytic Activity and Electron Storage Capability of TiO2 Aerogels with an Adjustable Surface Area
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iDORCID Put Code
Voepel, PascalUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0001-8233-7261UNSPECIFIED
Milow, BarbaraUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-6350-7728UNSPECIFIED
Marschall, RolandUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-1057-0459UNSPECIFIED
Date:April 2023
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Keywords:TiO2 aerogel electron storage photocatalysis hydrogen production nitrogen reduction
Event Title:MRS Spring Meeting
Event Location:San Francisco, US
Event Type:international Conference
Event Start Date:10 April 2023
Event End Date:14 April 2023
HGF - Research field:Energy
HGF - Program:Materials and Technologies for the Energy Transition
HGF - Program Themes:Chemical Energy Carriers
DLR - Research area:Energy
DLR - Program:E VS - Combustion Systems
DLR - Research theme (Project):E - Materials for Chemical Energy Carriers
Location: Köln-Porz
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Materials Research > Aerogels and Aerogel Composites
Deposited By: Rose, Alexandra
Deposited On:07 Dec 2023 08:34
Last Modified:24 Apr 2024 21:00

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