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Detection of snow change using polarimetric TerraSAR-X time-series (Svalbard, Norway)

Dedieu, Jean-Pierre and Wendleder, Anna and Vauclare, Simon and Momber, Marion and Bernard, Eric and Boike, Julia and Jacobi, Hans-Werner (2023) Detection of snow change using polarimetric TerraSAR-X time-series (Svalbard, Norway). TerraSAR-X/TanDEM-X Science Meeting, 2023-10-18 - 2023-10-20, Oberpfaffenhofen, Deutschland.

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Due to recent climate change conditions, i.e. increasing temperatures and changing precipitation patterns, arctic snow cover dynamics exhibit strong changes in terms of extent and duration. Arctic amplification processes and impacts are well documented expected to strengthen in coming decades. In this context, innovative observation methods are helpful for a better comprehension of the spatial variability of snow properties relevant for climate research and hydrological applications. Microwave remote sensing provides exceptional spatial and temporal performance in terms of all-weather application and target penetration. Time-series of Synthetic Active Radar images (SAR) are becoming more accessible at different frequencies and polarimetry has demonstrated a significant advantage for detecting changes in different media. Concerning arctic snow monitoring, SAR sensors can offer continuous time-series during the polar night and with cloud cover, providing a consequent advantage in regard of optical sensors. The aim of this study is dedicated to the spatial and temporal variability of snow in the Ny-Ålesund area on the BrØgger peninsula, Svalbard (N 78°55’ / E 11° 55’) using a high temporal TerraSAR-X Stripmap time series from November 2018 to June 2022, providing four consecutive winter datasets. The dual-cross polarized (HH/VV) SAR data were acquired from two different orbits (ascending and descending) with high incidence angles (36° to 39°) increasing snow volume backscattering and reducing topographic constraints. Additionally, a high spatial resolution Digital Elevation Model (NPI 5-m), consistent in-situ measurements of meteorological data, and snow profiles including lowlands and glaciers sites are available. Polarimetric processing is based on the Kennaugh matrix decomposition, co-polar phase coherence (CCOH) and co-polar phase difference (CPD). The Kennaugh matrix elements K0, K3, K4, and K7 are the total intensity, phase ratio, intensity ratio, and shift between HH and VV phase center, respectively. Their interpretation allows analyzing the structure of the snowpack linked to the near real time of in-situ measurements (snow profiles). The X-band signal is strongly influenced by the snow stratigraphy: internal ice layers reduce or block the penetration of the signal into the snow pack. The best R2 correlation performances between estimated and measured snow heights are ranging from 0.50 to 0.80 for dry snow conditions. Therefore, the use of the X-band for regular snow height estimations remains limited under these conditions. Conversely, this study shows the benefit of TerraSAR-X thanks to the Kennaugh matrix elements analysis. A focus is set (i) on the K0 element corresponding to the total power (Span), and (ii) on the Copolar Phase Difference (CPD, Leinss 2016) between VV and HH polarization: ɸ CPD = ɸ VV - ɸ HH. Our results indicate that the CPD values are related to the snow metamorphism: positive values correspond to dry snow (horizontal structures), negative values indicate recrystallization processes (vertical structures).

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/199486/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Title:Detection of snow change using polarimetric TerraSAR-X time-series (Svalbard, Norway)
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iDORCID Put Code
Wendleder, AnnaUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0009-0005-1534-4732UNSPECIFIED
Vauclare, SimonInstitut of Environmental Geosciences (IGE)UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Date:October 2023
Refereed publication:No
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Keywords:TerraSAR-X, Svalbard, Arctic, Multi-SAR, Kennaugh Elements, Copolar Phase Difference, terrabyte
Event Title:TerraSAR-X/TanDEM-X Science Meeting
Event Location:Oberpfaffenhofen, Deutschland
Event Type:international Conference
Event Start Date:18 October 2023
Event End Date:20 October 2023
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Earth Observation
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R EO - Earth Observation
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - HPDA use
Location: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institutes and Institutions:German Remote Sensing Data Center > International Ground Segment
Deposited By: Wendleder, Anna
Deposited On:27 Nov 2023 12:06
Last Modified:24 Apr 2024 21:00

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