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SAR Enabled Glacier Monitoring Within Canada

van Wychen, Wesley and Wendleder, Anna and Copland, Luke and Bayer, Courtney and Dow, C. and Brummell, E. (2023) SAR Enabled Glacier Monitoring Within Canada. 2023 ASAR/RCM Users' Forum, 2023-11-27 - 2023-11-30, Montreal, Kanada.

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Data from Synthetic Aperture Radar sensors and, in particular, the Radarsat missions, have been important for resolving glacier motion within Canada, necessary to determine the impact of changing climate on ice dynamics. For example, offset tracking of data collected by Radarsat-1 provided some of the first evidence that glacier motion could be reliably determined, while offset tracking of Radarsat-2 data enabled the first systematic annual monitoring of glacial motion across Northern Canada and the associated spatial and temporal variations in glacier motion. Offset tracking of data collected by the Radarsat Constellation Mission (RCM) is now being utilized to continue the foundational work from the earlier missions. Here we provide an assessment of the quality of the offset tracking results derived from High Resolution (5 m) RCM imagery acquired over the St. Elias Mountains in SW Yukon in the winters of 2022 and 2023. Our comparisons between remote sensing derived displacements and 50 unique in situ dGPS displacements indicate an average agreement within 6.6 m/year, while off-ice displacements indicate a median error <~8 m/yr. We also present examples of how temporally dense records of glacier velocities derived from both RCM and TerraSAR-X data are being leveraged to better characterize acceleration and deceleration processes related to glacier surging as well as tidewater glacier behaviour. This includes the identification of two surges (Lowell Glacier in winter 2022 and Chitina Glacier in 2023) from RCM data and the description of seasonality of fast flowing glaciers in the Canadian Arctic (Belcher, Trinity and Wykeham Glaciers) from TSX imagery. Finally, we provide a discussion of the future work that will be possible with the fusion of multiple catalogues of glacier motion derived from a multitude of SAR sensors within Canada.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/199481/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Title:SAR Enabled Glacier Monitoring Within Canada
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iDORCID Put Code
van Wychen, WesleyUniversity of WaterlooUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Wendleder, AnnaUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0009-0005-1534-4732UNSPECIFIED
Bayer, CourtneyUniversity of WaterlooUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Date:November 2023
Refereed publication:No
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Keywords:TerraSAR-X, Radarsat Constellation Mission, Glacier Surface Velocity, Canadian Arctic, terrabyte
Event Title:2023 ASAR/RCM Users' Forum
Event Location:Montreal, Kanada
Event Type:international Conference
Event Start Date:27 November 2023
Event End Date:30 November 2023
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Earth Observation
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R EO - Earth Observation
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - HPDA use
Location: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institutes and Institutions:German Remote Sensing Data Center > International Ground Segment
Deposited By: Wendleder, Anna
Deposited On:27 Nov 2023 12:04
Last Modified:24 Apr 2024 21:00

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