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Comparative Raman spectroscopy of astrobiology relevant bio-samples and planetary surface analogs under UV–VIS–IR excitation

Hanke, Franziska and Böttger, Ute and Pohl, Andreas and Irmscher, Klaus and Pavlov, Sergey (2023) Comparative Raman spectroscopy of astrobiology relevant bio-samples and planetary surface analogs under UV–VIS–IR excitation. Journal of Raman Spectroscopy, 55, pp. 26-42. Wiley. doi: 10.1002/jrs.6603. ISSN 0377-0486.

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Official URL: https://analyticalsciencejournals.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1002/jrs.6603


We investigated the potential of a laser selection in the broad optical range, from ultraviolet through visible to infrared (excitation wavelengths of 325 nm, 532 nm, 785 nm, 1064 nm) for combined analysis of Earth-relevant extremophiles (Xanthoria elegans, Buellia frigida, green alga of Circinaria gyrosa), carbohydrate molecules, as well as Mars and Moon surface regolith simulants as analogue mineral mixtures (P-MRS, S-MRS, LRS and JSC-1). We show that the optimization of the laser photon energy provides (for at least one of the chosen excitation wavelengths) high-end quality Raman spectra for each examined sample. In most cases, the infrared spectral range is advanced for biological samples while an excitation in the visible and ultraviolet spectral range is often favorable or at least sufficient for accurate identification / resolution of mineral phases under the illuminated laser spot on the planetary surface simulants. Ultraviolet excitation does not always deliver significant contrast of the Raman Stokes responses to the induced photoluminescence in the studied biomolecules. Most prominent features in the Raman spectra of the biological samples are assigned to their specific pigments, also considered as biomolecular signatures of the extremophiles. The critical issue of specific advantages and limitations of each particular excitation source implies study for gaining scientific return from Raman spectroscopy for exobiological prospecting, for instance the best trade between a single or dual excitation wavelength(s) for both biological and geological spectral data.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/198372/
Document Type:Article
Title:Comparative Raman spectroscopy of astrobiology relevant bio-samples and planetary surface analogs under UV–VIS–IR excitation
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iDORCID Put Code
Pohl, AndreasUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0009-0005-5091-6476UNSPECIFIED
Irmscher, KlausLeibniz-Institut für Kristallzüchtung (IKZ), BerlinUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Date:18 October 2023
Journal or Publication Title:Journal of Raman Spectroscopy
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Page Range:pp. 26-42
Series Name:Wiley
Keywords:Raman spectroscopy, Bio-signatures, Extremophiles, Surface regolith simulants
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:other
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R - no assignment
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - no assignment
Location: Berlin-Adlershof
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Optical Sensor Systems > Terahertz and Laser Spectroscopy
Institute of Optical Sensor Systems > Space Instruments
Deposited By: Pavlov, Dr. Sergey
Deposited On:24 Oct 2023 08:52
Last Modified:08 Jan 2024 11:06

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