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Optimizing Two-Echelon Logistics Network for Urban Logistics by LRP Heuristics with integrated Microscopic Transport Simulation

Deineko, Elija and Adeniran, Ibraheem Oluwatosin and Kehrt, Carina and Liedtke, Gernot (2024) Optimizing Two-Echelon Logistics Network for Urban Logistics by LRP Heuristics with integrated Microscopic Transport Simulation. World Conference on Transport Research - WCTR 2023, 17.-21. Jul. 2023, Montreal, Canada.

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In recent years, numerous research efforts and pilot projects have shown that cargo bikes in combination with micro depots (MD) present a sustainable alternative to motor vehicles, particularly in urban logistics. However, a holistic modelling, optimisation and evaluation of freight transport systems requires a close examination of all interactions, both on the strategic as well as on the operational and tactical decision-making level. In this study, we optimize the logistics network of micro depots for a two-stage distribution at urban level from distribution centres via micro depots to the end customers. Additionally, we evaluate the impact of cargo bikes and electric vehicles on the infrastructure layer of a multi-layer network and design a tool for strategic transport and logistics network planning. We introduce this integrated approach to solve the two-echelon location routing problem, i.e. LRP, by using microscopic agent-based transport simulation and divide-and-conquer heuristics. In the framework of a case study focusing on courier, express and parcel (CEP) market for Berlin, Germany, we identify the optimal number and the distribution of the locations for MD to ensure efficient two-stage distribution via MD, utilizing cargo bikes on the very last mile. Finally, we evaluate our results by comparing different scenarios and assessing optimized logistics network by means of microscopic transport simulation. By applying proposed heuristics, we could significantly reduce the number of MD in the delivery area, while also increasing the overall utilization of cargo bicycles.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/198209/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Title:Optimizing Two-Echelon Logistics Network for Urban Logistics by LRP Heuristics with integrated Microscopic Transport Simulation
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iDORCID Put Code
Adeniran, Ibraheem OluwatosinUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0009-0006-7988-3046UNSPECIFIED
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Keywords:Urban Logistics; Urban Freight Transport; Courier, Express and Parcel Service Providers; Two-Echelon Logistcs Network; Cargo Bikes; VRP; LRP; Micro Depots; Logistics Network and Transport Planning; Logistics Network and Transport Optimization; Agent-Based Freight Transport Simulation; MATSim; Jsprit
Event Title:World Conference on Transport Research - WCTR 2023
Event Location:Montreal, Canada
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:17.-21. Jul. 2023
Organizer:World Conference on Transport Research Society (WCTRS)
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Transport
HGF - Program Themes:Transport System
DLR - Research area:Transport
DLR - Program:V VS - Verkehrssystem
DLR - Research theme (Project):V - VMo4Orte - Vernetzte Mobilität für lebenswerte Orte
Location: Berlin-Adlershof
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Transport Research > Transport Markets and Mobility Services
Deposited By: Deineko, Elija
Deposited On:04 Dec 2023 11:05
Last Modified:04 Dec 2023 11:05

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