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Supersonic Braking Devices for Upper Stage Recovery - Design and Aerodynamic assessment of RocketHandbrake

Hantz, Christian Maximilian and Zhai, Junnai and Barz, Fynn and Gemilang, Atra and Klevanski, Josef and Marwege, Ansgar and Gülhan, Ali and Walpot, Louis (2023) Supersonic Braking Devices for Upper Stage Recovery - Design and Aerodynamic assessment of RocketHandbrake. 1st ASCenSIon Conference, 12.-14. Sep. 2023, Dresden, Deutschland.

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Abstract

Reusability in spaceflight represents a major challenge from a technical perspective, with an economical cost savings promise. Multiple European projects (e.g. RETALT, RETPRO, Themis, SALTO and CALLISTO) investigated and keep investigating reusability of first stages. While retro propulsion became a standard approach for first stage deceleration, for upper stages it comes with large fuel consumptions due to their high orbital velocities and energy level. Complementing these research efforts, the project “RocketHandbrake” investigates upper stage reusability, using Supersonic Braking Devices (SBD) for aerodynamic braking with the objective to reach full reusability of future European launch vehicles. SBD´s enable high angle of attack reentries, resulting in significant drag forces that are used for an atmospheric deceleration. However, this concept comes with the mass penalty for the SBD as well as the required thermal protection system (TPS). The ESA funded study "Supersonic Braking Devices for Upper Stage Recovery – RocketHandbrake", led by DLR together with Polaris and Deimos, aims to understand the key technologies required for a reusable upper stage configuration under a multitude of aspects, and to improve prediction tools for the concept. Based on a reference launcher configuration defined at the beginning of the project, the SBD are defined, analyzed and tested. Hereby a close collaboration between the different design areas of aerodynamics, thermal, structures, mechanisms and GNC is required to enable a feasible mission profile and a coherent design to be able to handle unsteady effects and thermal issues. This paper presents the work performed by DLR in RocketHandbrake during the detailed design and analysis phase up to the final wind tunnel testing at DLR´s Trisonic Wind Tunnel Cologne (TMK) in the context of aerodynamic analysis. Initially, the Supersonic Braking Devices are rescaled on the first phase´s outcomes, providing the new outer mold line for the numerical analysis. An Aerodynamic Database (AEDB), as well as a smaller Aerothermal Database (ATDB) is generated. The wind tunnel model is designed, manufactured and subsequently tested. As a final step, the aerodynamic analyses are combined and evaluated.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/197630/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Additional Information:This work was performed as an ESA TDE with the contract number 4000135687.
Title:Supersonic Braking Devices for Upper Stage Recovery - Design and Aerodynamic assessment of RocketHandbrake
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iDORCID Put Code
Hantz, Christian MaximilianUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-6911-6410UNSPECIFIED
Zhai, JunnaiUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Barz, FynnUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Gemilang, AtraUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Klevanski, JosefUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0009-0002-4336-1116UNSPECIFIED
Marwege, AnsgarUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-3912-9114UNSPECIFIED
Gülhan, AliUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Walpot, LouisESA/ESTECUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Date:September 2023
Refereed publication:No
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Status:Published
Keywords:Supersonic Braking Devices, reusable launch vehicle, aerodynamic braking, upper stage
Event Title:1st ASCenSIon Conference
Event Location:Dresden, Deutschland
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:12.-14. Sep. 2023
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Space Transportation
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R RP - Space Transportation
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Reusable Space Systems and Propulsion Technology
Location: Braunschweig , Köln-Porz
Institutes and Institutions:Institute for Aerodynamics and Flow Technology > Supersonic and Hypersonic Technology
Institute for Aerodynamics and Flow Technology > Spacecraft, BS
Deposited By: Hantz, Christian Maximilian
Deposited On:07 Nov 2023 14:10
Last Modified:07 Nov 2023 14:10

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