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Flexible Hybrid Silica-Aerogels: Studying the Influences of Different Geometries and Shapes

Steffens, Kai and Bialuschewski, Danny and Milow, Barbara (2023) Flexible Hybrid Silica-Aerogels: Studying the Influences of Different Geometries and Shapes. 10th NRW Nano Conference, 2023-05-23 - 2023-05-24, Dortmund, Deutschland.

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Silica aerogels with their remarkable properties such as low density and thermal conductivity are prime candidates for a wide range of different applications, such as insulation materials in aviation. While pure silica aerogels are very brittle and difficult to handle, adapting the sol-gel process can result in organic-inorganic hybrid-materials with a high mechanical flexibility and a good hydrophobicity while still retaining a remarkable insulation performance. They were first investigated by Hayase et al. [1] and are based on methyltrimethoxysilane (MTMS) and dimethoxydimethylsilane (DMDMS). For aviation applications the properties of this aerogel still have to be improved. Our research is based on a patented recipe of the German Aerospace Center (DLR) [2]. The synthesis was varied towards precursors and their ratios, using different surfactants and catalysts, as well as focusing on shaping the final aerogels into beads and monoliths. Mechanical, thermal, chemical, and morphological properties of the samples were analyzed. With this presentation we will report on a set of experiments focused on synthesizing bead-shaped particles in an emulsion process and comparing their thermal properties to standard monolithic samples. The densities of packed beads and mats is compared, since lightweight is one of the most necessary properties of the final material in aircraft application. Sample sizes vary from lower millimeter (1 - 5 mm) to upper centimeter (> 30 cm) range. Those resulting aerogels can possibly outperform the state-of-the-art compressed fiberglass-mats in aviation applications. The authors gratefully acknowledge funding by the Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Climate Action (BMWK) and its Aviation Research Program “LuFo VI-1”. (FKZ: 20Q1908C) [1] G. Hayase, K. Kanamori, K. Nakanishi, J. Mater. Chem. 21, 17077-17079 (2011) [2] R. Fener, P. Niemeyer, European Patent EP3042884A1 (2015)

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/197182/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Poster)
Title:Flexible Hybrid Silica-Aerogels: Studying the Influences of Different Geometries and Shapes
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iDORCID Put Code
Steffens, KaiUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-4310-7775142531316
Bialuschewski, DannyUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0009-0008-1469-2753UNSPECIFIED
Milow, BarbaraUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-6350-7728UNSPECIFIED
Date:23 May 2023
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Keywords:silica aerogels. hybrid material
Event Title:10th NRW Nano Conference
Event Location:Dortmund, Deutschland
Event Type:international Conference
Event Start Date:23 May 2023
Event End Date:24 May 2023
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Aeronautics
HGF - Program Themes:Components and Systems
DLR - Research area:Aeronautics
DLR - Program:L CS - Components and Systems
DLR - Research theme (Project):L - MRO and Cabin
Location: Köln-Porz
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Materials Research > Aerogels and Aerogel Composites
Deposited By: Steffens, Kai
Deposited On:18 Sep 2023 07:52
Last Modified:24 Apr 2024 20:57

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