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Optimized capacity allocation in a UAM vertiport network utilizing efficient ride matching

Swaid, Majed and Pertz, Jan and Niklaß, Malte and Linke, Florian (2023) Optimized capacity allocation in a UAM vertiport network utilizing efficient ride matching. In: AIAA Aviation Forum 2023. AIAA Aviation Forum 2023, 2023-06-12 - 2023-06-16, San Diego, USA. doi: 10.2514/6.2023-3577.

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Abstract

In this study, we present an approach that allows to design efficient UAM fleets and corresponding vertiport networks for specific demand patterns. Therefore, we apply a trajectory-based simulation model that controls the circulation of vehicles in a UAM network. The model allocates vehicles from an unlimited fleet pool to the requested missions, such that the boundary conditions of the optimization are fulfilled. Applying a combination of graph-based optimization and solving integer linear programming problems, a ride matching algorithm is implemented that minimizes empty relocation flights in the network and reduces the fleet size. The results comprise the quantification of a fleet pool, defined by fleet size, fleet mix, and starting positions in the vertiport network. We analyze a set of 20 vertiports in the City of Hamburg, Germany, regarding the local peak loads of parking positions that are needed for battery charging and waiting periods of unoccupied vehicles. The results show that the reduction of battery charging time has a significant impact on fleet size, which affects the minimum ground infrastructure requirements as well. Finally, the fleet analysis shows that average load factors of 45% are feasible at fleet sizes with varying occupancy rates of up to 80%.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/197010/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Title:Optimized capacity allocation in a UAM vertiport network utilizing efficient ride matching
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iDORCID Put Code
Swaid, MajedUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-3017-4680UNSPECIFIED
Pertz, JanUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0001-7638-5347142118329
Niklaß, MalteUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0001-6760-8561UNSPECIFIED
Linke, FlorianUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-1403-3471UNSPECIFIED
Date:June 2023
Journal or Publication Title:AIAA Aviation Forum 2023
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
DOI:10.2514/6.2023-3577
Status:Published
Keywords:Vertiport Network Optimization, Optimized UAM Operations, Ride Matching, Vehicle Allocation, Resource Allocation, Urban Air Mobility, Advanced Air Mobility
Event Title:AIAA Aviation Forum 2023
Event Location:San Diego, USA
Event Type:international Conference
Event Start Date:12 June 2023
Event End Date:16 June 2023
Organizer:American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Aeronautics
HGF - Program Themes:Air Transportation and Impact
DLR - Research area:Aeronautics
DLR - Program:L AI - Air Transportation and Impact
DLR - Research theme (Project):L - Air Transport Operations and Impact Assessment
Location: Hamburg
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Air Transport > Flight Operations Concepts
Institute of Air Transport > Air Transport Management
Deposited By: Swaid, Majed
Deposited On:11 Sep 2023 14:01
Last Modified:24 Apr 2024 20:57

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