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Volcanic chemical gas speciation and atmospheric redistribution on terrestrial planets

Brachmann, Caroline and Noack, Lena and Sohl, Frank (2023) Volcanic chemical gas speciation and atmospheric redistribution on terrestrial planets. Goldschmidt Konferenz 2023, 09.-14. Jul. 2023, Lyon, Frankreich.

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The internal constitution of rocky exoplanets can be inferred only indirectly via their atmospheric composition. To address this issue with confidence requires the coupling of interior and atmospheric models to each other. In the past, various atmospheric redistribution models were developed to determine the composition of exoplanetary atmospheres by varying element abundance, temperature and pressure. However, these models neglect that present-day atmospheres were formed via volcanic degassing and, consequently, element abundances are limited by thermodynamic processes accompanying magma ascent and volatile release. Here we combine volcanic outgassing with an atmospheric chemistry model to simulate the evolution of C-H-O-N atmospheres in thermal equilibrium below 650 K. These volatiles can be stored in significant amounts in basaltic magmas and are the most commonly degassed species. Sulfur molecules are not stable at low atmospheric temperatures and are therefore not included in our calculations. For the present study, we built a basic model to calculate possible atmospheric compositions by varying oxygen fugacity, melt and surface temperature and volatile abundances. Furthermore, we consider the solubility of each phase, atmospheric processes such as water condensation, graphite precipitation, hydrogen escape and the effect an already existing atmosphere may have on further degassing. Our model suggests that the most common atmospheric type is composed of CO2, N2, CH4, and (dependent on surface temperature) H2O. Furthermore, we show that the evolving atmospheric pressure and composition are highly dependent on the oxygen fugacity of the melt because of its influence on gas speciation and solubility. Reduced conditions produce H2, NH3, CH4 and H2O dominated atmospheres with extremely low atmospheric pressures. Oxidized conditions lead to atmospheres consisting of H2O, CO2, N2 and small amount of CH4 with high atmospheric pressures. O2 is never produced since carbon or hydrogen are still available in sufficient amounts to form H2O, CO or CO2. Hence it is not possible to form abiotically O2 dominated atmospheres unless O2 degassing occurs in the case of super oxidized magmas with low carbon and hydrogen abundances. Low hydrogen abundances are found to produce another atmospheric type consisting of CO2, CO, CH4 and N2. (This leads us to conclude that also the depth of the source region of a magma may have a significant effect on atmospheric compositions because of the different pressure dependence of the solubilities of the degassed species.)

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/196889/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Poster)
Title:Volcanic chemical gas speciation and atmospheric redistribution on terrestrial planets
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iDORCID Put Code
Brachmann, CarolineUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0009-0006-4753-7536141498176
Noack, LenaFreie Universität Berlin, Institute of Geological Sciences, Berlin, GermanyUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Sohl, FrankUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-0355-1556UNSPECIFIED
Date:July 2023
Refereed publication:No
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Keywords:Earth, Mars, Venus, atmospheric composition, volcanic degassing, volatile speciation, magma solubility
Event Title:Goldschmidt Konferenz 2023
Event Location:Lyon, Frankreich
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:09.-14. Jul. 2023
Organizer:Geochemical Society
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Space Exploration
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R EW - Space Exploration
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Exploration of the Solar System
Location: Berlin-Adlershof
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Planetary Research > Planetary Physics
Deposited By: Brachmann, Caroline
Deposited On:31 Aug 2023 15:37
Last Modified:31 Aug 2023 15:38

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