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Meeting the Technical Challenges of Measurements in the Martian Subsurface

Mustard, J. F. and Sapers, H. and Plesa, Ana-Catalina and Spohn, Tilman and Hao, J. and Knapmeyer-Endrun, B. and Michalski, J. and Magnabosco, C. and Miljkovic, K. and Paardekooper, D. and Pan, D. and Perl, S. and Sherwood Lollar, B. and Wang, F. and Westall, F. and Zacny, K.A. (2023) Meeting the Technical Challenges of Measurements in the Martian Subsurface. 54th Lunar and Planetary Science Conference 2023, The Woodlands, Texas, USA.

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Official URL: https://www.hou.usra.edu/meetings/lpsc2023/pdf/2208.pdf


Recent advances across disciplines have demonstrated the breadth and diversity of life in Earth’s subsurface. Key science questions and scientific context for the exploration of the Martian subsurface are ummarized in the companion abstract [1]. Coupling those advances with the history and nature of subsurface fluids on Mars [e.g. 2, 3] presents a compelling case for advancing our knowledge of the subsurface [4]. While the subsurface is regarded as one of the next frontiers for Mars exploration [4, 5], accessing the subsurface presents challenges. The compelling nature of the science questions for the subsurface and their complementarity to ongoing surface exploration and sample return missions necessitate an evaluation of subsurface access strategies. Subsurface processes, highly dependent on crustal porosity and local permeability, inevitably contribute to surface properties of the atmosphere, hydrosphere, and any possible biosphere [4]. Mars subsurface exploration opens the door to measurements of gas fluxes, fracture systems, and geochemical properties vital to understanding past and present Mars. It also lays the foundation for self-sufficient human settlements beyond our own planet and provides an emerging potential for synergistic collaborations with the rising commercial space sector and traditional mining companies. Our understanding of the Martian subsurface and the technologies for exploring it, with a dual focus on the search for signs of extinct and extant life, and resource characterization and acquisition, have matured enough for serious consideration of subsurface studies as part of future robotic missions to Mars.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/196816/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Poster)
Title:Meeting the Technical Challenges of Measurements in the Martian Subsurface
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iDORCID Put Code
Mustard, J. F.Brown University, Providence, R.I., USAUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Sapers, H.York University CanadaUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Plesa, Ana-CatalinaUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-3366-7621UNSPECIFIED
Hao, J.University of Science and Technology of ChinaUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Knapmeyer-Endrun, B.Seismological Observatory Bensberg, University of Cologne, Cologne, GermanyUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Michalski, J.The University of Hong Kong, Hong KongUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Magnabosco, C.ETH Zürich SwitzerlandUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Miljkovic, K.Space Science and Technology Centre, School of Earth and Planetary Science, Curtin University, Perth, AustraliaUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Pan, D.Shanghai Jiao Tong University, ChinaUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Perl, S.Jet Propulsion Laboratory, USAUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Sherwood Lollar, B.University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, CanadaUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Wang, F.Shanghai Jiao Tong University, ChinaUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Westall, F.Centre de Biophysique Moléculaire, CNRS, Orléans, FranceUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Zacny, K.A.Honeybee Robotics, 398 W Washington Blvd., Pasadena, CA 91103, USAUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Refereed publication:No
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Page Range:p. 2208
Series Name:LPI Contribution
Keywords:Mars, Subsurface exploration, Geophysics
Event Title:54th Lunar and Planetary Science Conference 2023
Event Location:The Woodlands, Texas, USA
Event Type:international Conference
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Space Exploration
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R EW - Space Exploration
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Exploration of the Solar System, R - Planetary Evolution and Life, R - Project InSight - HP3
Location: Berlin-Adlershof
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Planetary Research > Planetary Physics
Deposited By: Plesa, Dr. Ana-Catalina
Deposited On:31 Aug 2023 15:52
Last Modified:31 Aug 2023 15:52

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