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Techno-Economic Analysis of Different Battery Cell Chemistries for the Passenger Vehicle Market

Hasselwander, Samuel and Meyer, Markus and Österle, Ines (2023) Techno-Economic Analysis of Different Battery Cell Chemistries for the Passenger Vehicle Market. Batteries, 9 (379). MDPI (Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute). doi: 10.3390/batteries9070379. ISSN 2313-0105.

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Official URL: https://www.mdpi.com/2313-0105/9/7/379


The introduction of battery electric vehicles on the global market has triggered a sustained upheaval in the automotive industry. In this process, the new properties of a battery-electric powertrain lead to a different set of central requirements, such as increasing the range, lifetime or the fast-charging capability of the vehicle battery. This paper develops a bottom-up systematic model to assess the current and future impact of different battery technologies on vehicle costs. For this purpose, it summarises the scientific findings of automotive battery cell chemistries and, flanked by novel expert interviews and teardown data, derives key values for them. Based on the data obtained, modelling is carried out to demonstrate the technical and economic suitability of the identified cell chemistries and their impact on the range and total cost of electric vehicles. Lithium iron phosphate batteries appear to be able to achieve a price saving of up to 21% in the small vehicle segment compared to nickel-rich cell chemistries, provided that customers are prepared to accept a reduced range. At the same time, further efficiency improvements of the powertrain lead us to expect that, in combination with future high-energy cells, ranges of more than 800 km can be achieved even in the mid-size vehicle segment. It turns out that depending on whether the focus of the vehicle is on cost, range or performance, different battery technologies are likely to be used in the future.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/196049/
Document Type:Article
Title:Techno-Economic Analysis of Different Battery Cell Chemistries for the Passenger Vehicle Market
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iDORCID Put Code
Hasselwander, SamuelUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-0805-9061UNSPECIFIED
Date:15 July 2023
Journal or Publication Title:Batteries
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Publisher:MDPI (Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute)
Keywords:battery electric; vehicle; passenger car; chemistry; vehicle cost; range
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Transport
HGF - Program Themes:Transport System
DLR - Research area:Transport
DLR - Program:V VS - Verkehrssystem
DLR - Research theme (Project):V - DATAMOST - Daten & Modelle zur Mobilitätstransform
Location: Stuttgart
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Vehicle Concepts > Fahrzeugsysteme und Technologiebewertung
Deposited By: Hasselwander, Samuel
Deposited On:20 Jul 2023 12:53
Last Modified:20 Jul 2023 12:53

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