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Homogenized Lattice Boltzmann Model for Simulating Multi-Phase Flows in Heterogeneous Porous Media

Lautenschläger, Martin P. and Weinmiller, Julius and Kellers, Benjamin and Danner, Timo and Latz, Arnulf (2023) Homogenized Lattice Boltzmann Model for Simulating Multi-Phase Flows in Heterogeneous Porous Media. InterPore 2023, 22.-25. Mai 2023, Edinburgh, Schottland.

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Lithium-ion (Li-ion) batteries play a major role in the electrification of many business sectors as well as public and private transportation. Although being a mature battery technology, the manufacturing of Li-ion batteries has still room for optimization. A relevant example is the process step of electrolyte filling that comes with unwanted pore-scale effects such as gas entrapment. However, the underlying physics can be hardly studied using experiments, leading to the necessity of enhancing mesoscopic modeling and simulation methods. In this context, the lattice Boltzmann method has recently gained importance for studying flow in complex porous media. It comes however at the cost of large computational expenses, especially when simultaneously simulating flow in structurally resolved pores at different length scales. Therefore, homogenization methods have been developed to circumvent the explicit modelling of pores at the smallest length scale, but describe the flow by a Darcy-Brinkman-type approach instead where only the mean permeability of the medium is considered. In this work, we present such a homogenized lattice Boltzmann method (HLBM) that combines a grayscale approach with the multi-component Shan-Chen model. It enables simulations of multi-phase flow in heterogenous porous media by physically modelling fluid-fluid and fluid-solid interactions even at sub-resolution scales. The HLBM presented here shows special advantages: the interfacial tension and wetting conditions are not affected by the homogenization and physical properties are continuous across interfaces between different porous media. The model was validated using different test cases for single- and two-phase fluid flow. The results are in excellent agreement with the corresponding analytical solutions where available. In addition, the HLBM was applied to electrolyte filling of Li-ion batteries. On the one hand, it was used to study the influence of the nanoporous and partially permeable carbon-binder domain on the electrolyte flow. On the other hand, it was used to study flow in a fully homogenized separator microstructure with local heterogeneities. All in all, it is shown that the HLBM can be applied to study multi-phase flow in porous media from which the pore sizes differ by orders of magnitude, without fully resolving the microstructure. This speeds up simulation times significantly. Thus, the HLBM is an efficient approach that can be applied to energy storage materials, but is not limited to it. Acknowledgement: This work received funding from the European Union Horizon 2020 Research and Innovation Programme within the project DEFACTO [grant number 875247]. Many of the simulations have been carried out on the Hawk at the High-Performance Computing Center Stuttgart (HLRS) [grant LaBoRESys], and on JUSTUS 2 at the University Ulm [grant INST 40/467-1 FUGG].

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/195615/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Title:Homogenized Lattice Boltzmann Model for Simulating Multi-Phase Flows in Heterogeneous Porous Media
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iDORCID Put Code
Lautenschläger, Martin P.UNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-3266-4218UNSPECIFIED
Weinmiller, JuliusUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-5380-6791UNSPECIFIED
Kellers, BenjaminUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0001-9791-2724UNSPECIFIED
Danner, TimoUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-2336-6059UNSPECIFIED
Latz, ArnulfUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-1449-8172UNSPECIFIED
Date:22 May 2023
Refereed publication:No
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Keywords:Lattice Boltzmann method, nano-porous media, Li-ion batteries
Event Title:InterPore 2023
Event Location:Edinburgh, Schottland
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:22.-25. Mai 2023
HGF - Research field:Energy
HGF - Program:Materials and Technologies for the Energy Transition
HGF - Program Themes:Chemical Energy Carriers
DLR - Research area:Energy
DLR - Program:E SP - Energy Storage
DLR - Research theme (Project):E - Electrochemical Processes
Location: Ulm
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Engineering Thermodynamics > Computational Electrochemistry
Deposited By: Lautenschläger, Martin
Deposited On:30 Jun 2023 14:06
Last Modified:30 Jun 2023 14:06

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