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Future space experiment platforms for astrobiology and astrochemistry research

Elsaesser, Andreas and Burr, David J. and Mabey, Paul and Urso, Riccardo Giovanni and Billi, Daniela and Cockell, Charles and Cottin, Hervé and Kish, Adrienne and Leys, Natalie and van Loon, Jack J. W. A. and Mateo-Marti, Eva and Moissl-Eichinger, Christine and Onofri, Silvano and Quinn, Richard C. and Rabbow, Elke and Rettberg, Petra and de la Torre Noetzel, Rosa and Slenzka, Klaus and Ricco, Antonio J. and de Vera, Jean-Pierre and Westall, Frances (2023) Future space experiment platforms for astrobiology and astrochemistry research. npj Microgravity, 9 (1), p. 43. Nature Publishing Group. doi: 10.1038/s41526-023-00292-1. ISSN 2373-8065.

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Official URL: https://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41526-023-00292-1


Space experiments are a technically challenging but a scientifically important part of astrobiology and astrochemistry research. The International Space Station (ISS) is an excellent example of a highly successful and long-lasting research platform for experiments in space, that has provided a wealth of scientific data over the last two decades. However, future space platforms present new opportunities to conduct experiments with the potential to address key topics in astrobiology and astrochemistry. In this perspective, the European Space Agency (ESA) Topical Team Astrobiology and Astrochemistry (with feedback from the wider scientific community) identifies a number of key topics and summarizes the 2021 “ESA SciSpacE Science Community White Paper” for astrobiology and astrochemistry. We highlight recommendations for the development and implementation of future experiments, discuss types of in situ measurements, experimental parameters, exposure scenarios and orbits, and identify knowledge gaps and how to advance scientific utilization of future space-exposure platforms that are either currently under development or in an advanced planning stage. In addition to the ISS, these platforms include CubeSats and SmallSats, as well as larger platforms such as the Lunar Orbital Gateway. We also provide an outlook for in situ experiments on the Moon and Mars, and welcome new possibilities to support the search for exoplanets and potential biosignatures within and beyond our solar system.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/195597/
Document Type:Article
Title:Future space experiment platforms for astrobiology and astrochemistry research
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iDORCID Put Code
Elsaesser, AndreasFreie Universitaet Berlin, Department of Physics, Arnimallee 14, 14195, Berlin, Germanyhttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-3781-8290UNSPECIFIED
Burr, David J.Freie Universitaet Berlin, Department of Physics, Arnimallee 14, 14195, Berlin, Germanyhttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-4208-034XUNSPECIFIED
Mabey, PaulFreie Universitaet Berlin, Department of Physics, Arnimallee 14, 14195, Berlin, GermanyUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Urso, Riccardo GiovanniINAF-Osservatorio Astrofisico di Catania, Via Santa Sofia 78, 95123, Catania, Italyhttps://orcid.org/0000-0001-6926-1434UNSPECIFIED
Billi, DanielaDepartment of Biology, University of Rome Tor Vergata, Via della Ricerca Scientifica, 00133, Rome, ItalyUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Cockell, CharlesUK Centre for Astrobiology, School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, UKhttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-3662-0503UNSPECIFIED
Cottin, HervéUniv Paris Est Creteil and Université Paris Cité, CNRS, LISA, F-94010, Créteil, Francehttps://orcid.org/0000-0001-9170-5265UNSPECIFIED
Kish, AdrienneMuséum National d’Histoire Naturelle (MNHN), Molécules de Communication et Adaptation des Microorganismes (MCAM), CNRS, 57 rue Cuvier, 75005, Paris, FranceUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Leys, NatalieInterdisciplinary Biosciences Group, Belgian Nuclear Research Centre, SCK CEN, 2400, Mol, BelgiumUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
van Loon, Jack J. W. A.Dutch Experiment Support Center (DESC), Amsterdam and University Medical Center (VUmc) & Academic Centre for Dentistry Amsterdam (ACTA), Gustav Mahlerlaan 3004, 1081 LA, Amsterdam, The Netherlandshttps://orcid.org/0000-0001-9051-6016UNSPECIFIED
Mateo-Marti, EvaCentro de Astrobiología (CAB), CSIC-INTA, Carretera de Ajalvir km 4, 28850 Torrejón de Ardoz, Madrid, Spainhttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-4709-4676UNSPECIFIED
Moissl-Eichinger, ChristineInstitute of Hygiene, Microbiology and Environmental Medicine, Medical University of Graz, Neue Stiftingtalstraße 6, 8010, Graz, AustriaUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Onofri, SilvanoDepartment of Ecological and Biological Sciences (DEB), University of Tuscia, Largo dell’Università snc, 01100, Viterbo, Italyhttps://orcid.org/0000-0001-8872-1440UNSPECIFIED
Quinn, Richard C.NASA Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, CA, USAUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Rabbow, ElkeUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-9301-2021UNSPECIFIED
Rettberg, PetraUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-4439-2395UNSPECIFIED
de la Torre Noetzel, RosaInstituto Nacional de Técnica Aeroespacial (INTA), Departamento de Observación de la Tierra, 28850 Torrejón de Ardoz, Madrid, SpainUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Slenzka, KlausKS-3D–3D-Printing and Laser Services, In der Heide 16, 27243, Gross Ippener, GermanyUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Ricco, Antonio J.NASA Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, CA, USAhttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-2355-4984UNSPECIFIED
de Vera, Jean-PierreGerman Aerospace Center (DLR), Space Operations and Astronaut Training, Microgravity User Support Center (MUSC), Linder Höhe, 51147, Cologne, Germanyhttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-9530-5821UNSPECIFIED
Westall, FrancesCentre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS), Centre de Biophysique Moléculaire, Orléans, FranceUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Date:12 June 2023
Journal or Publication Title:npj Microgravity
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Page Range:p. 43
Publisher:Nature Publishing Group
Keywords:Biogeochemistry, Environmental sciences, Evolution, Microbiology Techniques, instrumentation
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Research under Space Conditions
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R FR - Research under Space Conditions
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Project ISS LIFE 2.0
Location: Köln-Porz
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Aerospace Medicine > Radiation Biology
Space Operations and Astronaut Training > User center for space experiments (MUSC)
Deposited By: Kopp, Kerstin
Deposited On:23 Jun 2023 10:50
Last Modified:23 Jun 2023 10:50

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