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Consistency of Galileo satellite antenna phase center offsets

Steigenberger, Peter and Montenbruck, Oliver (2023) Consistency of Galileo satellite antenna phase center offsets. Journal of Geodesy, 97 (58). Springer. doi: 10.1007/s00190-023-01750-0. ISSN 0949-7714.

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Information about satellite antenna phase center offsets (PCOs) is indispensable for high-precision applications of global navigation satellite systems. Pre-flight manufacturer calibrations of the PCOs are available for all individual Galileo satellites and each frequency. So far, geodetic usage of Galileo is focused on the ionosphere-free linear combination of the E1 and E5a signals. In view of the growing number of E5b- and E6-capable receivers and upcoming multi-frequency applications, the consistency of the PCO values for different frequencies becomes a topic of increasing importance. Galileo satellite antenna PCOs have been estimated from the ionosphere-free linear combinations of E1/E5a, E1/E5b, and E1/E6. The mean horizontal PCOs of the different frequencies agree on the few millimeter level. The X-PCOs show a bias of about 1cm compared to the manufacturer calibrations, whereas the Y-PCOs are free of such a bias. The Z-PCOs have a systematic offset of −11 to −15 cm w.r.t. the manufacturer calibrations due to scale inconsistencies of the current version of the International Terrestrial Reference Frame (ITRF2020) and the manufacturer calibrations. The maximum Z-PCO difference between the various linear combinations amounts to 4cm and provides a measure of the presently achieved consistency of ground and space antenna calibrations across different frequencies. This inconsistency would translate into height differences of about 1.6mm and associated scale differences of the terrestrial reference frame of 0.25ppb, when adjusting station coordinates with manufacturer calibrated Galileo PCOs for different frequency pairs.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/195435/
Document Type:Article
Title:Consistency of Galileo satellite antenna phase center offsets
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iDORCID Put Code
Steigenberger, PeterDLR/GSOChttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-1905-6699137278307
Montenbruck, OliverDLR/GSOChttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-4783-745XUNSPECIFIED
Date:18 June 2023
Journal or Publication Title:Journal of Geodesy
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Keywords:GNSS, Galileo, Antenna calibration, PCO, Terrestrial scale
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Space System Technology
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R SY - Space System Technology
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Infrastructure, Flight Dynamics, GPS
Location: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institutes and Institutions:Space Operations and Astronaut Training > Space Flight Technology
Deposited By: Steigenberger, Peter
Deposited On:21 Jun 2023 09:37
Last Modified:21 Jun 2023 09:37

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