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Computer-based training and repeated test performance: Increasing assessment fairness instead of retest effects

Hermes, Michael and Maier, Julia and Mittelstädt, Justin Maximilian and Albers, Frank and Huelmann, Gerrit and Stelling, Dirk (2023) Computer-based training and repeated test performance: Increasing assessment fairness instead of retest effects. European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology, 32 (3), pp. 450-459. Taylor & Francis. doi: 10.1080/1359432X.2023.2193692. ISSN 1359-432X.

[img] PDF - Postprint version (accepted manuscript)

Official URL: https://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1359432X.2023.2193692


When subjects are repeatedly tested in cognitive assessments, systematic score gains occur. Such retest effects become even greater when test preparation is provided between assessments. In the context of personnel selection, retest gains are often increased by commercial test training, which threatens the fairness of psychological testing because not all candidates can afford such offers. In the present study, computer-based training was freely offered to all candidates as part of the personnel selection procedure. We examined the relationship between repeated cognitive ability measurements in high-stakes settings and the amount of computer-based training before each measurement. Analyses of 212 candidates showed that cognitive ability scores and the amount of prior training were only related on the first assessment but not on the second. There were still retest effects, but the magnitude of score gains was negatively correlated with the amount of initial training and was unrelated to training between assessments. Only the change in training amount was positively correlated with retest effects. We conclude that providing all candidates with preparatory training already before the first assessment substantially increases assessment fairness in the personnel selection process.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/194919/
Document Type:Article
Title:Computer-based training and repeated test performance: Increasing assessment fairness instead of retest effects
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iDORCID Put Code
Hermes, MichaelUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0001-6565-6957UNSPECIFIED
Maier, JuliaUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-1387-7939134867875
Mittelstädt, Justin MaximilianUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-8419-6842UNSPECIFIED
Albers, FrankUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-3043-5235134867876
Stelling, DirkUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-3346-6141153706504
Date:31 March 2023
Journal or Publication Title:European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Page Range:pp. 450-459
Publisher:Taylor & Francis
Keywords:Personnel selection; test preparation; cognitive ability; retest effects; computer-based training; Personalauswahl; Testvorbereitung; Kognitive Leistungsfähigkeit; Retest-Effekte; Computer basiertes Training
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Aeronautics
HGF - Program Themes:Air Transportation and Impact
DLR - Research area:Aeronautics
DLR - Program:L AI - Air Transportation and Impact
DLR - Research theme (Project):L - Human Factors
Location: Hamburg
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Aerospace Medicine > Aviation and Space Psychology
Institute of Aerospace Medicine
Deposited By: Hermes, Michael
Deposited On:11 May 2023 16:15
Last Modified:01 Apr 2024 03:00

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