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Analysis of Detailed-Chemistry Schemes for the Numerical Simulation of Supercritical LOx/CH4 Flames

Horchler, Tim and Fechter, Stefan and Karl, Sebastian (2023) Analysis of Detailed-Chemistry Schemes for the Numerical Simulation of Supercritical LOx/CH4 Flames. In: 10th EUCASS - 9th CEAS 2023, pp. 1-12. 10th EUCASS - 9th CEAS 2023, 2023-07-09 - 2023-07-13, Lausanne, Schweiz. doi: 10.13009/EUCASS2023-693.

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Official URL: https://www.eucass.eu/doi/EUCASS2023-693.pdf

Abstract

The increasing interest in reusable LOx/CH4 first-stage liquid rocket engines requires the further development of suitable computational fluid dynamics tools for the reliable design and analysis of such engines. Shifting from classical LOx/H2 to methane as a fuel involves many challenges for the accurate modelling of chemical effects as the characteristic time scale for LOx/CH4 is significantly longer than for hydrogen. This can result in, for example, flame lift-off and reattachment effects that may cause substantial combustion instabilities. Also, the injector wall temperature may play a more significant role than in classical LOx/H2 engines. The purpose of this study is to compare numerical simulation results using a complex detailed-chemistry scheme with previous results obtained with a real-gas flamelet model. Additionally, a novel machine-learning based approach for the efficient tabulation of chemical reactions rates will be tested and compared against results with the full reaction mechanism. This comparison will be based on two dedicated numerical testcases which have been used extensively in the past: The first one is a modified version of the real-gas 2D mixing test case of Ruiz et al. This computationally cheap setup allows for a detailed study of mixing and chemical reactions under thermodynamic conditions that are representative for rocket engine. A more realistic setup will be investigated with the second test case HF-10 from the Franco-German Rocket Engine Stability Initiative (REST). In this test case, the flame behind a realistic single shear-coaxial injector will investigated in a 3D simulation at supercritical conditions. This paper continues our work on the HF-10 test case presented at the EUCASS 2022 conference and allows for a more general assessment of chemical non-equilibrium effects at supercritical pressures commonly encountered in liquid rocket engines.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/194254/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Title:Analysis of Detailed-Chemistry Schemes for the Numerical Simulation of Supercritical LOx/CH4 Flames
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iDORCID Put Code
Horchler, TimUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-8439-8786UNSPECIFIED
Fechter, StefanUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0001-5683-4715UNSPECIFIED
Karl, SebastianUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-5558-6673UNSPECIFIED
Date:9 July 2023
Journal or Publication Title:10th EUCASS - 9th CEAS 2023
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
DOI:10.13009/EUCASS2023-693
Page Range:pp. 1-12
Editors:
EditorsEmailEditor's ORCID iDORCID Put Code
UNSPECIFIEDEUCASSUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
UNSPECIFIEDCEASUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Status:Published
Keywords:Verbrennungssimulation, Numerische Strömungssimulation, Chemiemodellierung, Realgasströmungen
Event Title:10th EUCASS - 9th CEAS 2023
Event Location:Lausanne, Schweiz
Event Type:international Conference
Event Start Date:9 July 2023
Event End Date:13 July 2023
Organizer:EUCASS - CEAS
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Space Transportation
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R RP - Space Transportation
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Project Amadeus
Location: Göttingen
Institutes and Institutions:Institute for Aerodynamics and Flow Technology > Spacecraft, GO
Deposited By: Horchler, Tim
Deposited On:19 Jul 2023 13:35
Last Modified:24 Apr 2024 20:54

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