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Modeling and Validation of Residential Water Demand in Agent-Based Models: A Systematic Literature Review

Sattler, Bernhard Jonathan and Friesen, John and Tundis, Andrea and Pelz, Peter F. (2023) Modeling and Validation of Residential Water Demand in Agent-Based Models: A Systematic Literature Review. Water, 15 (3), pp. 579-610. Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI). doi: 10.3390/w15030579. ISSN 2073-4441.

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Official URL: https://dx.doi.org/10.3390/w15030579


Current challenges, such as climate change or military conflicts, show the great importance of urban supply infrastructures. In this context, an open question is how different scenarios and crises can be studied in silico to assess the interaction between the needs of social systems and technical infrastructures. Agent-based modeling is a suitable method for this purpose. This review investigates (i) how agent-based models of residential water demand should be validated, (ii) how such models are commonly built and (iii) validated, and (iv) how these validation practices compare to the recommendations drawn from question (i). Therefore, a systematic literature review using the PRISMA framework is conducted. Out of 207 screened papers, 35 models are identified with an emphasis on highly realistic models (i.e., highly detailed and representing specific real-world systems) for planning, management, and policy of urban water resources. While some models are thoroughly validated, quantified validation distinct from calibration data should be emphasized and used to communicate the confidence in results and recommendations drawn from the models. Pattern-oriented validation, validation on multiple levels and on higher moments of aggregated statistics should be considered more often. These findings expand prior literature by providing a more extensive sample of reviewed articles and recommending specific approaches for the validation of models.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/193982/
Document Type:Article
Title:Modeling and Validation of Residential Water Demand in Agent-Based Models: A Systematic Literature Review
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iDORCID Put Code
Sattler, Bernhard JonathanUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-3119-0949UNSPECIFIED
Friesen, JohnTU Darmstadthttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-2530-1363UNSPECIFIED
Tundis, AndreaUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-7729-2780UNSPECIFIED
Pelz, Peter F.TU Darmstadthttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-0195-627XUNSPECIFIED
Date:1 February 2023
Journal or Publication Title:Water
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Page Range:pp. 579-610
EditorsEmailEditor's ORCID iDORCID Put Code
Publisher:Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI)
Series Name:Special Issue "Review Papers of Urban Water Management"
Keywords:household water demand; domestic water use; agent-based modeling; multi-agent; socio-technical systems; validation; urban; policy; management; planning; social simulation
HGF - Research field:other
HGF - Program:other
HGF - Program Themes:other
DLR - Research area:Digitalisation
DLR - Program:D CPE - Cyberphysical Engineering
DLR - Research theme (Project):D - urbanModel
Location: other
Institutes and Institutions:Institute for the Protection of Terrestrial Infrastructures > Digital Twins of Infrastructures
Institute for the Protection of Terrestrial Infrastructures
Deposited By: Sattler, Bernhard Jonathan
Deposited On:02 Mar 2023 13:25
Last Modified:02 Mar 2023 13:25

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