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Aerodynamic and aerothermal comparison between the CAL1C and CAL1D geometries for the CALLISTO vehicle

Ertl, Moritz and Ecker, Tobias (2023) Aerodynamic and aerothermal comparison between the CAL1C and CAL1D geometries for the CALLISTO vehicle. In: 10th EUCASS - 9th CEAS 2023, pp. 1-12. 10th EUCASS - 9th CEAS 2023, 2023-07-09 - 2023-07-13, Lausanne, Schweiz. doi: 10.13009/EUCASS2023-431.

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Official URL: https://www.eucass.eu/doi/EUCASS2023-431.pdf


The current European long term strategy aims at moving towards reusable launch vehicles (RLV) for the first stages of launchers. To further the research into RLV relevant technologies, three partners, the German Aerospace Center (DLR), the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA) and the French Space Agency (CNES) are cooperating in the development of a launch vehicle demonstrator. It is a vertical take-off and vertical landing (VTVL) reusable subscale launcher first stage demonstrator - the "Cooperative Action Leading to Launcher Innovation in Stage Toss back Operations" (CALLISTO). The mission of the CALLISTO vehicle is to return to the launch pad using retro propulsion and an Approach and Landing System (ALS) with extendable landing legs. This development leads to additional aerothermal design questions compared to traditional launchers. In the case of CALLISTO the highest heat fluxes are cause by heating from hot exhaust gases of the aft bay section. This especially affects the unfolded ALS during the final phase of the landing approach. The arising heat fluxes influence the structural design and the thermal protection system (TPS) of the ALS. Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) simulations are supporting the development by predicting loads. The development process of the databases for aerodynamic and aerothermal loads for the development geometry CAL1C have been presented, as well as different analyses to investigate the influence of angle of attack, angle of roll, atmospheric conditions, flight speed, thrust level, nozzle gimbaling and ground distance. Since the previous publications the design process of the Callisto vehicle has matured and a new geometric shape of the vehicle called CAL1D has been designed. In this work we analyse the differences in aerodynamic and aerothermal loads between the geometries for the configuration with deployed landing legs. The simulations are done using Reynolds averaged Navier Stokes (RANS) methods with a Spalat-Almaras turbulence model and frozen chemistry. We analyse the flow field as well as the surface distributions of pressure and heat fluxes.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/193847/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Title:Aerodynamic and aerothermal comparison between the CAL1C and CAL1D geometries for the CALLISTO vehicle
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iDORCID Put Code
Ertl, MoritzUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-1900-5122UNSPECIFIED
Ecker, TobiasUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0001-7134-1185UNSPECIFIED
Date:12 July 2023
Journal or Publication Title:10th EUCASS - 9th CEAS 2023
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Page Range:pp. 1-12
EditorsEmailEditor's ORCID iDORCID Put Code
Keywords:CFD, aerothermodynamics, aerodynamics, reusable rockets
Event Title:10th EUCASS - 9th CEAS 2023
Event Location:Lausanne, Schweiz
Event Type:international Conference
Event Start Date:9 July 2023
Event End Date:13 July 2023
Organizer:EUCASS, CEAS
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Space Transportation
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R RP - Space Transportation
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Project CALLISTO [RP]
Location: Göttingen
Institutes and Institutions:Institute for Aerodynamics and Flow Technology > Spacecraft, GO
Deposited By: Ertl, Moritz
Deposited On:28 Jul 2023 09:56
Last Modified:24 Apr 2024 20:54

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