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Modeling of polyatomic gas flows within a kinetic Fokker-Planck approach using a direct modeling method

Nagel, Aaron and Basov, Leo and Grabe, Martin (2023) Modeling of polyatomic gas flows within a kinetic Fokker-Planck approach using a direct modeling method. In: 10th EUCASS - 9th CEAS 2023, pp. 1-10. 10th EUCASS - 9th CEAS 2023, 2023-07-09 - 2023-07-13, Lausanne, Schweiz. doi: 10.13009/EUCASS2023-424.

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Official URL: https://www.eucass.eu/doi/EUCASS2023-424.pdf


The modeling of gas flows as for re-entry vehicles or jet plume expansion faces a large range of the Knudsen number. With Birds DSMC method [1], the Boltzmann equation, describing the evolution of the system by a probability density function, can be solved accurately. However, the computational expenses become unfeasable for small Knudsen numbers due to the complexity of the Boltzmann collision operator with the large amount of collisions. Therefore, the complex collision operator in the Boltzmann equation is approximated by a Fokker-Planck (FP) operator in velocity space. While DSMC models pairwise collisions, the collisions by the FP operator are modeled by local drift and diffusion coefficients, that are matched to reproduce the production terms of the Boltzmann collision operator in the continuum limit [2]. Both methods use computational particles. This way, a hybrid modeling approach can be set up where FP can be used in regions of high densities and small Knudsen numbers, while DSMC is used for rarefied flow regions and large Knudsen numbers [3]. In contrast to monatomic gas flows, polyatomic molecules can take up a significant amount of energy in internal modes like rotational and vibrational, which have a large influence on the entire flow field. An extension of the FP operator to a diatomic modeling has been approached using two methods: the Master-equation ansatz [4] and a direct modeling approach [5]. In the meantime, the Master-equation ansatz has been extended to a polyatomic model [6], while a polyatomic extension of the direct modeling approach will be presented in this paper. Comparisons with the Master-equation ansatz in terms of the quality of the flow field and flow properties as well as the overall performance are made. Finally, temporal relaxations of energies are investigated.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/193671/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Title:Modeling of polyatomic gas flows within a kinetic Fokker-Planck approach using a direct modeling method
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iDORCID Put Code
Nagel, AaronUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-4790-7115138947310
Basov, LeoUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-4133-7876UNSPECIFIED
Grabe, MartinUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-0361-2734UNSPECIFIED
Date:July 2023
Journal or Publication Title:10th EUCASS - 9th CEAS 2023
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Page Range:pp. 1-10
EditorsEmailEditor's ORCID iDORCID Put Code
Keywords:DSMC, Fokker-Planck, rarefied gas flows, polyatomic, numerical simulation, kinetic modeling
Event Title:10th EUCASS - 9th CEAS 2023
Event Location:Lausanne, Schweiz
Event Type:international Conference
Event Start Date:9 July 2023
Event End Date:13 July 2023
Organizer:EUCASS - CEAS
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Space Transportation
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R RP - Space Transportation
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Reusable Space Systems and Propulsion Technology
Location: Göttingen
Institutes and Institutions:Institute for Aerodynamics and Flow Technology > Spacecraft, GO
Deposited By: Grabe, Dr. Martin
Deposited On:19 Jul 2023 14:24
Last Modified:24 Apr 2024 20:54

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