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Integration of geological compressed air energy storage into future energy supply systems dominated by renewable power sources

Gasanzade, Firdovsi and Witte, Francesco and Tuschy, Ilja and Bauer, Sebastian (2023) Integration of geological compressed air energy storage into future energy supply systems dominated by renewable power sources. Energy Conversion and Management, p. 116643. Elsevier. doi: 10.1016/j.enconman.2022.116643. ISSN 0196-8904.

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Official URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0196890422014212


Compressed air energy storage in geological porous formations, also known as porous medium compressed air energy storage (PM-CAES), presents one option for balancing the fluctuations in energy supply systems dominated by renewable energy sources. The strong coupling between the subsurface storage facility and the surface power plant via the pressure of the compressed air, which directly determines the amount of energy stored and the power rates achievable, requires the consideration of the fluctuating supply and demand of electric power, the specific technical design of the compressed air energy storage plant and the subsurface storage processes to determine achievable power rates, storage capacities and overall performance. In this paper, we present subsurface storage designs using a set of future energy system scenarios with different fractions of renewable energy supply and technical options for the power plant. Our findings indicate that the PM-CAES systems can supply 115 MW of electric power and between 12.1 GWh and 49.9 GWh of electric energy for up to 429 h, thus offering grid-scale power storage capacity. The storage design is robust against variations in future energy system scenarios and different power plant configurations, with efficiencies between 0.54 and 0.67 and energy densities between 0.12 and 0.28 kWh per kilogram of stored air. The storage design can be improved further by using horizontal instead of vertical wells, which also reduces induced pressure increases in the storage formation. This study for the first time provides a complete framework for assessing achievable storage rates and capacities for PM-CAES based on detailed forecasts of future energy systems, the geological and geotechnical setting as well as engineering aspects of the compressed air energy power plant.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/193023/
Document Type:Article
Title:Integration of geological compressed air energy storage into future energy supply systems dominated by renewable power sources
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iDORCID Put Code
Witte, FrancescoUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-4019-0390UNSPECIFIED
Tuschy, IljaUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-3442-4170UNSPECIFIED
Bauer, SebastianUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-0235-0931UNSPECIFIED
Date:5 January 2023
Journal or Publication Title:Energy Conversion and Management
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Page Range:p. 116643
Keywords:CAES Power plant Geological energy storage Model coupling Renewable energy systems Numerical simulation
HGF - Research field:Energy
HGF - Program:Energy System Design
HGF - Program Themes:Energy System Transformation
DLR - Research area:Energy
DLR - Program:E SY - Energy System Technology and Analysis
DLR - Research theme (Project):E - Systems Analysis and Technology Assessment
Location: Oldenburg
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Networked Energy Systems > Energy Systems Analysis, OL
Deposited By: Witte, Francesco
Deposited On:09 Jan 2023 10:59
Last Modified:09 Jan 2023 10:59

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