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Implementation of Fuel Cells in Aviation from a Maintenance, Repair and Overhaul Perspective

Hoff, Tim and Becker, Florian and Dadashi, Alireza and Wicke, Kai and Wende, Gerko (2022) Implementation of Fuel Cells in Aviation from a Maintenance, Repair and Overhaul Perspective. Aerospace, 10 (23). Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI). doi: 10.3390/aerospace10010023. ISSN 2226-4310.

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Official URL: https://www.mdpi.com/2226-4310/10/1/23


Hydrogen is one of the most promising power sources for meeting the aviation sector’s long-term decarbonization goals. Although on-board hydrogen systems, namely, fuel cells, are extensively researched, the maintenance, repair and overhaul (MRO) perspective remains mostly unaddressed. This paper analyzes fuel cells from an MRO standpoint, based on a literature review and comparison with the automotive sector. It also examines how well the business models and key resources of MRO providers are currently suited to provide future MRO services. It is shown that fuel cells require extensive MRO activities and that these are needed to meet the aviation sector’s requirements for price, safety and, especially, durability. To some extent, experience from the automotive sector can be built upon, particularly with respect to facility requirements and qualification of personnel. Yet, MRO providers’ existing resources only partially allow them to provide these services. MRO providers’ underlying business models must adapt to the implementation of fuel cells in the aviation sector. MRO providers and services should, therefore, be considered and act as enablers for the introduction of fuel cells in the aviation industry.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/192944/
Document Type:Article
Title:Implementation of Fuel Cells in Aviation from a Maintenance, Repair and Overhaul Perspective
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iDORCID Put Code
Hoff, TimUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-1979-6785UNSPECIFIED
Becker, FlorianUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0001-6517-2944UNSPECIFIED
Dadashi, AlirezaUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-2704-1251UNSPECIFIED
Wicke, KaiUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-8220-6437UNSPECIFIED
Date:26 December 2022
Journal or Publication Title:Aerospace
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Publisher:Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI)
Keywords:aviation; liquid-hydrogen-fueled aircraft; fuel cell; maintenance; business model analysis
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Aeronautics
HGF - Program Themes:Components and Systems
DLR - Research area:Aeronautics
DLR - Program:L CS - Components and Systems
DLR - Research theme (Project):L - MRO and Cabin
Location: Hamburg
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Maintenance, Repair and Overhaul > Product Life Cycle Management
Institute of Engineering Thermodynamics > Energy System Integration
Deposited By: Hoff, Tim
Deposited On:04 Jan 2023 08:21
Last Modified:04 Jan 2023 08:21

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