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System of Systems driven fleet design for Urban Air Mobility: heterogeneity over homogeneity?

Naeem, Nabih and Ratei, Patrick and Shiva Prakasha, Prajwal (2022) System of Systems driven fleet design for Urban Air Mobility: heterogeneity over homogeneity? 12th EASN International Conference, 2022-10-18 - 2022-10-21, Barcelona, Spain.

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Abstract

Urban Air Mobility (UAM) represents a new paradigm in aviation involving high intensity short distance air travel using low capacity vertical take-off and landing aircraft. As this new paradigm necessitates a departure from many traditional aspects of the existing air transportation system, a large body of research is necessary to better understand the novel requirements and how they can be served by different technologies. These aspects include but are not limited to airspace management, vertiport design and management, aircraft design with innovative subsystem technologies, etc. A wide range of operational scenarios is envisioned for UAM involving different ranges, tempos of operations, and expected demand. This translates to a suite of different vehicles being developed by the industry with different architecture and top-level requirements. The aim of this work is to evaluate the need for heterogenous fleets to suit the different operational scenarios envisioned for UAM. Two optimized aircraft concepts, a multirotor and a tiltrotor concept, derived from a system of systems driven aircraft design approach is first evaluated in a homogenous fleet, and then in a heterogenous fleet with varying degrees of heterogeneity. The ideal mix of heterogeneity is identified for a given setup considering economic and ecological efficiency from which generalizations are drawn. For this evaluation, a nominal use case is setup to represent a mixed operational scenario of intra-city and suburban scenarios. The fleets are evaluated against Measures of Effectiveness (MoEs) including passenger throughput, share of received requests that were served, wait time of passengers, deadhead ratio, load factor, and total energy consumption of the network. These MoEs are obtained using an agent-based simulation of UAM system of systems.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/192791/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Title:System of Systems driven fleet design for Urban Air Mobility: heterogeneity over homogeneity?
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iDORCID Put Code
Naeem, NabihUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-3144-3045UNSPECIFIED
Ratei, PatrickUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-5161-8025UNSPECIFIED
Shiva Prakasha, PrajwalUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0001-5694-5538UNSPECIFIED
Date:2022
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Status:Published
Keywords:Urban Air Mobility, Agent-Based Simulation, System of Systems, Heterogenous Fleets
Event Title:12th EASN International Conference
Event Location:Barcelona, Spain
Event Type:international Conference
Event Start Date:18 October 2022
Event End Date:21 October 2022
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Aeronautics
HGF - Program Themes:Air Transportation and Impact
DLR - Research area:Aeronautics
DLR - Program:L AI - Air Transportation and Impact
DLR - Research theme (Project):L - Air Transport Operations and Impact Assessment, L - Aircraft Systems, L - Digital Technologies
Location: Hamburg
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of System Architectures in Aeronautics
Deposited By: Naeem, Nabih
Deposited On:05 Jan 2023 13:32
Last Modified:24 Apr 2024 20:53

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