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BETA-FOR: Enhancing the structural diversity between patches for improving multidiversity and multifunctionality in production forests. Proposal for DFG Research Unit FOR 5375

Mueller, Joerg and Scherer-Lorenzen, Michael and Ammer, Christian and Eisenhauer, Nico and Seidel, Dominik and Schuldt, Bernhard and Biedermann, Peter and Schmitt, Thomas and Kuenzer, Claudia and Wegmann, Martin and Cesarz, Simone and Peters, Marcell and Feldhaar, Heike and Steffan-Dewenter, Ingolf and Classen, Alice and Baessler, Claus and von Oheimb, Goddert and Fichtner, Andreas and Thorn, Simon and Weisser, Wolfgang (2022) BETA-FOR: Enhancing the structural diversity between patches for improving multidiversity and multifunctionality in production forests. Proposal for DFG Research Unit FOR 5375. Project Report. University of Wuerzburg. 210 S. doi: 10.25972/OPUS-29084.

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The recently observed consistent loss of beta-diversity across ecosystems indicates increasingly homogeneous communities in patches of landscapes, mainly caused by increasing land-use intensity. Biodiversity is related to numerous ecosystem functions and stability. Therefore, decreasing beta-diversity is also expected to reduce multifunctionality. To assess the impact of homogenization and to develop guidelines to reverse its potentially negative effects, we combine expertise from forest science, ecology, remote sensing, chemical ecology and statistics in a collaborative and experimental beta-diversity approach. Specifically, we will address the question whether the Enhancement of Structural Beta Complexity (ESBC) in forests by silviculture or natural disturbances will increase biodiversity and multifunctionality in formerly homogeneously structured production forests. Our approach will identify potential mechanisms behind observed homogenization-diversity-relationships and show how these translate into effects on multifunctionality. At eleven forest sites throughout Germany, we selected two districts as two types of small forest landscapes. In one of these two districts, we established ESBC treatments (nine differently treated 50x50 m patches with a focus on canopy cover and deadwood features). In the second, the control district, we will establish nine patches without ESBC. By a comprehensive sampling, we will monitor 18 taxonomic groups and measure 21 ecosystem functions, including key functions in temperate forests, on all patches. The statistical framework will allow a comprehensive biodiversity assessment by quantifying the different aspects of multitrophic biodiversity (taxonomical, functional and phylogenetic diversity) on different levels of biodiversity (alpha-, beta-, gamma-diversity). To combine overall diversity, we will apply the concept of multidiversity across the 18 taxa. We will use and develop new approaches for quantification and partitioning of multifunctionality at alpha- and beta- scales. Overall, our study will herald a new research avenue, namely by experimentally describing the link between beta-diversity and multifunctionality. Furthermore, we will help to develop guidelines for improved silvicultural concepts and concepts for management of natural disturbances in temperate forests reversing past homogenization effects.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/191557/
Document Type:Monograph (Project Report)
Title:BETA-FOR: Enhancing the structural diversity between patches for improving multidiversity and multifunctionality in production forests. Proposal for DFG Research Unit FOR 5375
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iDORCID Put Code
Mueller, JoergUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-1409-1586UNSPECIFIED
Scherer-Lorenzen, MichaelUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0001-9566-590XUNSPECIFIED
Ammer, ChristianUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-4235-0135UNSPECIFIED
Eisenhauer, NicoUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-0371-6720UNSPECIFIED
Seidel, DominikUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-4131-9424UNSPECIFIED
Schuldt, BernhardUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-4738-5289UNSPECIFIED
Biedermann, PeterUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-4234-5659UNSPECIFIED
Schmitt, ThomasUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-6719-8635UNSPECIFIED
Wegmann, MartinUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-0335-9601UNSPECIFIED
Cesarz, SimoneUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-2334-5119UNSPECIFIED
Peters, MarcellUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-1262-0827UNSPECIFIED
Feldhaar, HeikeUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0001-6797-5126UNSPECIFIED
Steffan-Dewenter, IngolfUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-1359-3944UNSPECIFIED
Classen, AliceUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-7813-8806UNSPECIFIED
Baessler, ClausUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0001-8177-8997UNSPECIFIED
von Oheimb, GoddertUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0001-7408-425XUNSPECIFIED
Fichtner, AndreasUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-0499-4893UNSPECIFIED
Thorn, SimonUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-3062-3060UNSPECIFIED
Weisser, WolfgangUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-2757-8959UNSPECIFIED
Date:1 December 2022
Refereed publication:No
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Number of Pages:210
Keywords:beta diversity, forest biodiversity, structural diversity, multifunctionality, German production forests, DFG Research Unit FOR 5375
Institution:University of Wuerzburg
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Earth Observation
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R EO - Earth Observation
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Remote Sensing and Geo Research
Location: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institutes and Institutions:German Remote Sensing Data Center > Land Surface Dynamics
Deposited By: Kacic, Patrick
Deposited On:02 Mar 2023 09:02
Last Modified:28 Mar 2023 11:05

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