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Science and Curation Considerations for the Design of a Mars Sample Return (MSR) Sample Receiving Facility (SRF)

Carrier, B. L. and Beaty, D. and Hutzler, Aurore and Smith, Alvin and Kminek, G. and Meyer, M. and Haltigin, T. and Hays, Lindsay and Agee, Carl and Busemann, H. and Cavalazzi, B. and Cockell, C. and Debaille, V and Glavin, D P and Grady, M. and Hauber, Ernst and Marty, B. and McCubbin, F. M. and Pratt, Lisa and Regberg, Aaron and Smith, C. and Summons, R E and Swindle, T. D. and Tait, Kimberly and Tosca, N. J. and Udry, Arya and Usui, Tomohiro and Velbel, Michael and Wadhwa, M. and Westall, F. and Zorzano, M.-P. (2022) Science and Curation Considerations for the Design of a Mars Sample Return (MSR) Sample Receiving Facility (SRF). Astrobiology, 22 (S1), S217-S237. Mary Ann Liebert Inc.. doi: 10.1089/ast.2021.0110. ISSN 1531-1074.

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Official URL: https://www.liebertpub.com/doi/10.1089/AST.2021.0110


The most important single element of the “ground system” portion of a Mars Sample Return (MSR) Campaign is a facility referred to as the Sample Receiving Facility (SRF), which would need to be designed and equipped to receive the returned spacecraft, extract and open the sealed sample container, extract the samples from the sample tubes, and implement a set of evaluations and analyses of the samples. One of the main findings of the first MSR Sample Planning Group (MSPG, 2019a) states that “The scientific community, for reasons of scientific quality, cost, and timeliness, strongly prefers that as many sample-related investigations as possible be performed in PI-led laboratories outside containment.” There are many scientific and technical reasons for this preference, including the ability to utilize advanced and customized instrumentation that may be difficult to reproduce inside in a biocontained facility, and the ability to allow multiple science investigators in different labs to perform similar or complementary analyses to confirm the reproducibility and accuracy of results. It is also reasonable to assume that there will be a desire for the SRF to be as efficient and economical as possible, while still enabling the objectives of MSR to be achieved. For these reasons, MSPG concluded, and MSPG2 agrees, that the SRF should be designed to accommodate only those analytical activities that could not reasonably be done in outside laboratories because they are time- or sterilization-sensitive, are necessary for the Sample Safety Assessment Protocol (SSAP), or are necessary parts of the initial sample characterization process that would allow subsamples to be effectively allocated for investigation. All of this must be accommodated in an SRF, while preserving the scientific value of the samples through maintenance of strict environmental and contamination control standards.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/191299/
Document Type:Article
Title:Science and Curation Considerations for the Design of a Mars Sample Return (MSR) Sample Receiving Facility (SRF)
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iDORCID Put Code
Carrier, B. L.Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of TechnologyUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Beaty, D.NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, 4800 Oak Grove Drive, CA 91109-8001, USAUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Hutzler, AuroreEuropean Space Agency, Noordwijk, The NetherlandsUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Smith, AlvinJet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California, USAUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Haltigin, T.Canadian Space Agency, Saint Hubert, Quebec, CanadaUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Hays, LindsayNASA Headquarters, Mars Sample Return Program, Washington, DC, USAUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Agee, CarlUniversity of New Mexico, Institute of Meteoritics, Albuquerque, New Mexico, USAUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Busemann, H.ETH Zürich, Institut für Geochemie und Petrologie, NW C 84, Clausiusstr. 25, 8092 Zürich, SwitzerlandUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Cavalazzi, B.Dipartimento di Scienze Biologiche, Geologiche e Ambientali, Università di Bologna, Bologna, ItalyUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Cockell, C.University of Edinburgh, School of Physics and Astronomy, Edinburgh, UKhttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-3662-0503UNSPECIFIED
Debaille, VUniversité Libre de Bruxelles, Brussels, BelgiumUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Glavin, D PNASA Goddard Space Flight Center, 8800 Greenbelt Rd., Greenbelt, Maryland 20771, USAUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Grady, M.The Open University, Milton Keynes, MK7 6AA, UKUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Hauber, ErnstUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-1375-304XUNSPECIFIED
Pratt, LisaIndiana University Bloomington, Earth and Atmospheric Sciences, Bloomington, Indiana, USAUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Regberg, AaronNASA Johnson Space Center, Astromaterials Research and Exploration Science Division, Houston, Texas, USAUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Smith, C.Natural History Museum, London, UKUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Summons, R EMassachusetts Institute of Technology, Earth, Atmospheric and Planetary Sciences, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USAUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Swindle, T. D.University of ArizonaUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Tait, KimberlyRoyal Ontario Museum, Natural History, Toronto, Ontario, CanadaUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Tosca, N. J.University of Cambridge, Department of Earth Sciences, Cambridge, UKUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Udry, AryaUniversity of Nevada Las Vegas, Las Vegas, Nevada, USAUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Usui, TomohiroJapan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA), Institute of Space and Astronautical ScienceUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Velbel, MichaelMichigan State University, Earth and Environmental Sciences, East Lansing, Michigan, USAUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Wadhwa, M.Arizona State UniversityUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Westall, F.Centre de Biophysique Moléculaire, CNRS, Orléans, FranceUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Zorzano, M.-P.Centro de Astrobiologia, Madrid, SpainUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Date:June 2022
Journal or Publication Title:Astrobiology
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Page Range:S217-S237
Publisher:Mary Ann Liebert Inc.
Keywords:Mars, sample return, geology, laboratory experiments, astrobiology, intrumentation, Sample Receiving Facility (SRF), containment, Sample Safety Assessment Protocol (SSAP), contamination
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Space Exploration
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R EW - Space Exploration
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Project Mars Express HRSC (old), R - ExoMars PanCam / MARS2020
Location: Berlin-Adlershof
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Planetary Research > Planetary Geology
Deposited By: Hauber, Ernst
Deposited On:01 Dec 2022 14:10
Last Modified:01 Dec 2022 14:10

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