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The Scientific Importance of Returning Airfall Dust as a Part of Mars Sample Return (MSR)

Grady, M. and Summons, R E and Swindle, T. D. and Westall, F. and Kminek, G. and Meyer, M. and Beaty, D. and Carrier, B. L. and Haltigin, T. and Hays, Lindsay and Agee, Carl and Busemann, H. and Cavalazzi, B. and Cockell, C. and Debaille, V and Glavin, D P and Hauber, Ernst and Hutzler, Aurore and Marty, B. and McCubbin, F. M. and Pratt, Lisa and Regberg, Aaron and Smith, Alvin and Smith, C. and Tait, Kimberly and Tosca, N. J. and Udry, Arya and Usui, Tomohiro and Velbel, Michael and Wadhwa, M. and Zorzano, M.-P. (2022) The Scientific Importance of Returning Airfall Dust as a Part of Mars Sample Return (MSR). Astrobiology, 22 (S1), S176-S185. Mary Ann Liebert Inc.. doi: 10.1089/ast.2021.0111. ISSN 1531-1074.

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Official URL: https://www.liebertpub.com/doi/10.1089/AST.2021.0111


Dust transported in the martian atmosphere is of intrinsic scientific interest and has relevance for the planning of human missions in the future. The MSR Campaign, as currently designed, presents an important opportunity to return serendipitous, airfall dust. The tubes containing samples collected by the Perseverance rover would be placed in cache depots on the martian surface perhaps as early as 2023-24 for recovery by a subsequent mission no earlier than 2028-29, and possibly as late as 2030-31. Thus, the sample tube surfaces could passively collect dust for multiple years. This dust is deemed to be exceptionally valuable as it would inform our knowledge and understanding of Mars' global mineralogy, surface processes, surface-atmosphere interactions, and atmospheric circulation. Preliminary calculations suggest that the total mass of such dust on a full set of tubes could be as much as 100 mg and, therefore, sufficient for many types of laboratory analyses. Two planning steps would optimize our ability to take advantage of this opportunity: (1) the dust-covered sample tubes should be loaded into the Orbiting Sample container (OS) with minimal cleaning and (2) the capability to recover this dust early in the workflow within an MSR Sample Receiving Facility (SRF) would need to be established. A further opportunity to advance dust/atmospheric science using MSR, depending upon the design of the MSR Campaign elements, may lie with direct sampling and the return of airborne dust.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/191296/
Document Type:Article
Title:The Scientific Importance of Returning Airfall Dust as a Part of Mars Sample Return (MSR)
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iDORCID Put Code
Grady, M.The Open University, Milton Keynes, MK7 6AA, UKUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Summons, R EMassachusetts Institute of Technology, Earth, Atmospheric and Planetary Sciences, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USAUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Swindle, T. D.University of ArizonaUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Westall, F.Centre de Biophysique Moléculaire, CNRS, Orléans, FranceUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Beaty, D.NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, 4800 Oak Grove Drive, CA 91109-8001, USAUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Carrier, B. L.Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of TechnologyUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Haltigin, T.Canadian Space Agency, Saint-Hubert, Quebec, CanadaUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Hays, LindsayNASA Headquarters, Mars Sample Return Program, Washington, DC, USAUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Agee, CarlUniversity of New Mexico, Institute of Meteoritics, Albuquerque, New Mexico, USAUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Busemann, H.ETH Zürich, Institut für Geochemie und Petrologie, NW C 84, Clausiusstr. 25, 8092 Zürich, SwitzerlandUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Cavalazzi, B.Dipartimento di Scienze Biologiche, Geologiche e Ambientali, Università di Bologna, Bologna, ItalyUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Cockell, C.University of Edinburgh, School of Physics and Astronomy, Edinburgh, UKhttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-3662-0503UNSPECIFIED
Debaille, VUniversité Libre de Bruxelles, Brussels, BelgiumUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Glavin, D PNASA Goddard Space Flight Center, 8800 Greenbelt Rd., Greenbelt, Maryland 20771, USAUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Hauber, ErnstUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-1375-304XUNSPECIFIED
Hutzler, AuroreEuropean Space Agency, Noordwijk, The NetherlandsUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Pratt, LisaIndiana University Bloomington, Earth and Atmospheric Sciences, Bloomington, Indiana, USAUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Regberg, AaronNASA Johnson Space Center, Astromaterials Research and Exploration Science Division, Houston, Texas, USAUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Smith, AlvinJet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California, USAUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Smith, C.Natural History Museum, London, UKUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Tait, KimberlyRoyal Ontario Museum, Natural History, Toronto, Ontario, CanadaUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Tosca, N. J.University of Cambridge, Department of Earth Sciences, Cambridge, UKUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Udry, AryaUniversity of Nevada Las Vegas, Las Vegas, Nevada, USAUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Usui, TomohiroJapan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA), Institute of Space and Astronautical ScienceUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Velbel, MichaelMichigan State University, Earth and Environmental Sciences, East Lansing, Michigan, USAUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Wadhwa, M.Arizona State UniversityUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Zorzano, M.-P.Centro de Astrobiologia, Madrid, SpainUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Date:June 2022
Journal or Publication Title:Astrobiology
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Page Range:S176-S185
Publisher:Mary Ann Liebert Inc.
Keywords:Mars, sample return, laboratory analysis, geology, dust, samples, atmosphere, mineralogy, surface-atmosphere interaction, surface processes, global circulation
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Space Exploration
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R EW - Space Exploration
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Project Mars Express HRSC (old), R - ExoMars PanCam / MARS2020
Location: Berlin-Adlershof
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Planetary Research > Planetary Geology
Deposited By: Hauber, Ernst
Deposited On:01 Dec 2022 14:09
Last Modified:01 Dec 2022 14:09

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