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Rationale and Proposed Design for a Mars Sample Return (MSR) Science Program

Haltigin, T. and Hauber, Ernst and Kminek, G. and Meyer, M. and Agee, Carl and Busemann, H. and Carrier, B. L. and Glavin, D P and Hays, Lindsay and Marty, B. and Pratt, Lisa and Udry, Arya and Zorzano, M.-P. and Beaty, D. and Cavalazzi, B. and Cockell, C. and Debaille, V and Grady, M. and Hutzler, Aurore and McCubbin, F. M. and Regberg, Aaron and Smith, Alvin and Smith, C. and Summons, R E and Swindle, T. D. and Tait, Kimberly and Tosca, N. J. and Usui, Tomohiro and Velbel, Michael and Wadhwa, M. and Westall, F. (2022) Rationale and Proposed Design for a Mars Sample Return (MSR) Science Program. Astrobiology, 22 (S1), S27-S55. Mary Ann Liebert Inc.. doi: 10.1089/ast.2021.0122. ISSN 1531-1074.

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Official URL: https://www.liebertpub.com/doi/10.1089/AST.2021.0122


The Mars Sample Return (MSR) Campaign represents one of the most ambitious scientific endeavors ever undertaken. Analyses of the martian samples would offer unique science benefits that cannot be attained through orbital or landed missions that rely only on remote sensing and in situ measurements, respectively. As currently designed, the MSR Campaign comprises a number of scientific, technical, and programmatic bodies and relationships, captured in a series of existing and anticipated documents. Ensuring that all required scientific activities are properly designed, managed, and executed would require significant planning and coordination. Because there are multiple scientific elements that would need to be executed to achieve MSR Campaign success, it is critical to ensure that the appropriate management, oversight, planning, and resources are made available to accomplish them. This could be achieved via a formal MSR Science Management Plan (SMP). A subset of the MSR Science Planning Group 2 (MSPG2)—termed the SMP Focus Group—was tasked to develop inputs for an MSR Campaign SMP. The scope is intended to cover the interface to the Mars 2020 mission, science elements in the MSR flight program, ground-based science infrastructure, MSR science opportunities, and the MSR sample and science data management. In this report, a comprehensive MSR Science Program is proposed that comprises specific science bodies and/or activities that could be implemented to address the science functionalities throughout the MSR Campaign. The proposed structure was designed by taking into consideration previous management review processes, a set of guiding principles, and key lessons learned from previous robotic exploration and sample return missions.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/190956/
Document Type:Article
Title:Rationale and Proposed Design for a Mars Sample Return (MSR) Science Program
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iDORCID Put Code
Haltigin, T.McGill University, Montreal, CanadaUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Hauber, ErnstUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-1375-304XUNSPECIFIED
Kminek, G.European Space Agency, D/HME, ESTEC, Keplerlaan 1, NL-2200 AG Noordwijk, The NetherlandsUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Agee, CarlInst. Meteoritics, UNM, Albuquerque, NM 87131 USAUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Busemann, H.ETH Zürich, Institut für Geochemie und Petrologie, NW C 84, Clausiusstr. 25, 8092 Zürich, SwitzerlandUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Carrier, B. L.Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of TechnologyUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Glavin, D PNASA Goddard Space Flight Center, 8800 Greenbelt Rd., Greenbelt, Maryland 20771, USAUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Hays, LindsayNASA Headquarters, Mars Sample Return Program, Washington, DC, USAUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Pratt, LisaIndiana University Bloomington, Earth and Atmospheric Sciences, Bloomington, Indiana, USAUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Udry, AryaUniversity of Nevada Las Vegas, Las Vegas, Nevada, USAUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Zorzano, M.-P.Centro de Astrobiologia, Madrid, SpainUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Beaty, D.NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, 4800 Oak Grove Drive, CA 91109-8001, USAUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Cavalazzi, B.Dipartimento di Scienze Biologiche, Geologiche e Ambientali, Università di Bologna, Bologna, ItalyUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Cockell, C.University of Edinburgh, Edin-urgh, United KingdomUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Debaille, VUniversité Libre de Bruxelles, Brussels, BelgiumUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Grady, M.The Open University, Milton Keynes, MK7 6AA, UKUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Hutzler, AuroreEuropean Space Agency, Noordwijk, The NetherlandsUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Smith, AlvinJet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California, USAUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Summons, R EMassachusetts Institute of Technology, Earth, Atmospheric and Planetary Sciences, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USAUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Swindle, T. D.University of ArizonaUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Tait, KimberlyRoyal Ontario Museum, Department of Natural History, Toronto, Ontario, CanadaUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Tosca, N. J.University of Cambridge, Department of Earth Sciences, Cambridge, UKUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Usui, TomohiroJapan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA), Institute of Space and Astronautical ScienceUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Velbel, MichaelMichigan State University, Earth and Environmental Sciences, East Lansing, Michigan, USAUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Wadhwa, M.Arizona State UniversityUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Westall, F.Centre de Biophysique Moléculaire, CNRS, Orléans, FranceUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Date:14 December 2022
Journal or Publication Title:Astrobiology
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Page Range:S27-S55
Publisher:Mary Ann Liebert Inc.
Keywords:Mars, sample return, sample analysis, laboratory experiments, astrobiology, geology
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Space Exploration
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R EW - Space Exploration
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Project Mars Express HRSC (old), R - ExoMars PanCam / MARS2020
Location: Berlin-Adlershof
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Planetary Research > Planetary Geology
Deposited By: Hauber, Ernst
Deposited On:29 Nov 2022 10:18
Last Modified:29 Nov 2023 14:55

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