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Understanding Tower Controller Communication for Support in Air Traffic Control Displays

Ohneiser, Oliver and Helmke, Hartmut and Shetty, Shruthi and Kleinert, Matthias and Ehr, Heiko and Balogh, Györgyi and Tønnesen, Andreas and Rinaldi, Walter and Mansi, Sara and Piazzolla, Giuseppe and Murauskas, Šarūnas and Pagirys, Tomas and Kis-Pál, Gábor and Horváth, Viktor and Kling, Fanni and Usanovic, Haris (2022) Understanding Tower Controller Communication for Support in Air Traffic Control Displays. In: SESASR Innovation Days 2022. 12th SESAR Innovation Days, 2022-12-05 - 2022-12-08, Budapest, Ungarn.

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Abstract

Automatic speech recognition and understanding for air traffic control (ATC) communication has been deeply explored in the approach and en-route environment. Solution 97.2 is one of the first European attempts to analyze recognition rates and human performance of air traffic controllers (ATCos) in simulated tower and ground environments. Three validation exercises with 22 ATCos from four different European air navigation service providers were conducted in Germany, Norway, and Italy. The validated artificial intelligence-based prototypes of Assistant Based Speech Recognition systems (ABSR) supported ATCos fulfilling tasks in a ground and tower environment as well as multiple remote tower environment, respectively. Thus, in any relevant ATC display, (1) recognized callsigns of ATCo utterances have been highlighted, (2) fully recognized commands were shown, and (3) the ATCo was able to manually manipulate the ABSR output if needed or the output was automatically accepted by the ATC system otherwise. This paper evaluates callsign and command type recognition rates as well as ATCo performance. It compares the results for the three validation exercises. A callsign recognition rate of more than 98%, a command recognition rate of more than 91%, and a slight reduction in ATCo workload are achieved

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/190655/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Title:Understanding Tower Controller Communication for Support in Air Traffic Control Displays
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iDORCID Put Code
Ohneiser, OliverUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-5411-691XUNSPECIFIED
Helmke, HartmutUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-1939-0200UNSPECIFIED
Shetty, ShruthiUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Kleinert, MatthiasUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-0782-4147UNSPECIFIED
Ehr, HeikoUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Balogh, GyörgyiUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Tønnesen, AndreasIndra NaviaUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Rinaldi, WalterUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Mansi, SaraLeonardo S.p.AUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Piazzolla, GiuseppeLeonardo S.p.A.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Murauskas, ŠarūnasState Enterprise Oro Navigacija (ON)UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Pagirys, TomasState Enterprise Oro Navigacija (ON)UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Kis-Pál, GáborHungaroControlUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Horváth, ViktorHungaroControlUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Kling, FanniHungaroControlUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Usanovic, HarisAustro Control (ACG)UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Date:December 2022
Journal or Publication Title:SESASR Innovation Days 2022
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Status:Published
Keywords:Air Traffic Controller; Tower; Ground; Assistant Based Speech Recognition; Automatic Speech Recognition; Automatic Speech Understanding; Solution 97.2
Event Title:12th SESAR Innovation Days
Event Location:Budapest, Ungarn
Event Type:international Conference
Event Start Date:5 December 2022
Event End Date:8 December 2022
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Aeronautics
HGF - Program Themes:Air Transportation and Impact
DLR - Research area:Aeronautics
DLR - Program:L AI - Air Transportation and Impact
DLR - Research theme (Project):L - Integrated Flight Guidance
Location: Braunschweig
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Flight Guidance > Controller Assistance
Deposited By: Diederich, Kerstin
Deposited On:12 Dec 2022 09:40
Last Modified:24 Apr 2024 20:51

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