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Effects of ageing and fitness on hopping biomechanics

Sánchez Trigo, Francisco Horacio and Zange, Jochen and Sies, Wolfram and Böcker, Jonas and Sañudo, Borja and Rittweger, Jörn (2022) Effects of ageing and fitness on hopping biomechanics. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 19 (20), p. 13696. Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI). doi: 10.3390/ijerph192013696. ISSN 1661-7827.

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph192013696

Abstract

Physical exercise promotes healthy aging and is associated with greater functionality and quality of life. Muscle strength and power are established factors in the ability to perform daily tasks and live independently. Stiffness, for mechanical reasons, is another important constituent of running performance and locomotion. This study aims to analyze the impact of age and training status on one-legged hopping biomechanics and to evaluate whether age-related power decline can be reduced with regular physical exercise. Forty-three male subjects were recruited according to their suitability for one of four groups (young athletes, senior athletes, young controls and senior controls) according to their age (young between 21 and 35, vs. older between 59 and 75) and training status (competing athletes vs. non-physically active). The impact of age and training status on one-legged hopping biomechanics were evaluated using the two-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) method. Significant differences among groups were found for hopping height (p < 0.05), ground contact time (p < 0.05), peak ground reaction force (p < 0.05) and peak power (p < 0.01). No differences among groups were found in ground-phase vertical displacement and vertical stiffness (p > 0.05). Young athletes and older non-physically active people achieved the best and worst performance, respectively. Interestingly, there were not any differences found between young non-physically active people and senior athletes, suggesting that chronic training can contribute to partly offset effects that are normally associated with aging.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/190577/
Document Type:Article
Title:Effects of ageing and fitness on hopping biomechanics
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iD
Sánchez Trigo, Francisco HoracioDepartment of Physical Education and Sports, University of Seville, 41013 Sevilla, Spainhttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-1830-8236
Zange, JochenJochen.Zange (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-1822-0952
Sies, Wolframwolfram.sies (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Böcker, JonasJonas.Boecker (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Sañudo, BorjaDepartamento de Educación Física y Deporte, Universidad de Sevilla, 41013 Seville, Spainhttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-9969-9573
Rittweger, JörnJoern.Rittweger (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-2223-8963
Date:21 October 2022
Journal or Publication Title:International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:Yes
In SCOPUS:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Volume:19
DOI:10.3390/ijerph192013696
Page Range:p. 13696
Publisher:Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI)
ISSN:1661-7827
Status:Published
Keywords:aging; biomechanics; muscle power; physical fitness; sedentary behavior; stiffness.
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Research under Space Conditions
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R FR - Research under Space Conditions
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Muscle Mechanics and Metabolism
Location: Köln-Porz
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Aerospace Medicine > Muscle and Bone Metabolism
Deposited By: Kaiser-Stolz, Claudia
Deposited On:22 Nov 2022 14:02
Last Modified:22 Nov 2022 14:02

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