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Detection of Air Leakage in Building Envelopes using Microphone Arrays

Kölsch, Benedikt and Schiricke, Björn and Lüpfert, Eckhard and Hoffschmidt, Bernhard (2022) Detection of Air Leakage in Building Envelopes using Microphone Arrays. In: Proceedings of the 41st AIVC - ASHRAE IAQ joint conference. 41st AIVC - ASHRAE IAQ joint conference, 04.-06. Mai 2022, Athen, Griechenland.

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Abstract

Unintended airflow through building envelopes leads to an increased demand in heating and cooling energy. The most common way to measure air leakage of buildings is the blower door test, which quantifies the overall leakage rate of one room or a building. To reduce air leakage and associated energy loss in new and existing buildings, it is necessary to identify leak locations and prioritize sealing of more substantial leaks. However, detection and quantification of individual leaks with smoke tracers or infrared thermography are challenging, time-consuming, and depend on the operator’s experience. Acoustic methods have been identified to have the potential to localize and quantify individual leaks without the need for pressure or temperature differences. In this work, the acoustic beamforming method is proposed using a microphone array to detect leak locations and visualize them (acoustic camera). The objective of this investigation is to identify the potential of this technique for application to building envelopes. A pair of omnidirectional speakers is placed as a sound generator inside a room, and the microphone ring array with 48 microphones outside. As an experimental setup, cable ties are wedged in a window frame to simulate a damaged window gasket and to create reproducible leaks of different sizes at the same place. Overlay of an optical picture with the acoustic image obtained from beamforming enables the visualization of leaks of sound through the building envelope. All experiments were conducted using white noise with an analyzed frequency range of 1-25 kHz. The sound sources are evaluated at multiple third-octave bands within this frequency range, enabling a distinction between these leaks at different frequencies.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/189447/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Title:Detection of Air Leakage in Building Envelopes using Microphone Arrays
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iD
Kölsch, Benediktbenedikt.koelsch (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-3564-9822
Schiricke, BjörnBjoern.Schiricke (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-0572-2048
Lüpfert, EckhardEckhard.Luepfert (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-6207-975X
Hoffschmidt, BernhardBernhard.Hoffschmidt (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Date:May 2022
Journal or Publication Title:Proceedings of the 41st AIVC - ASHRAE IAQ joint conference
Refereed publication:No
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Status:Published
Keywords:Airtightness, Buildings, Acoustics, Array
Event Title:41st AIVC - ASHRAE IAQ joint conference
Event Location:Athen, Griechenland
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:04.-06. Mai 2022
Organizer:American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Engineers (ASHRAE)
HGF - Research field:Energy
HGF - Program:Materials and Technologies for the Energy Transition
HGF - Program Themes:High-Temperature Thermal Technologies
DLR - Research area:Energy
DLR - Program:E SW - Solar and Wind Energy
DLR - Research theme (Project):E - Condition Monitoring
Location: Jülich , Köln-Porz
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Solar Research > Qualifizierung
Deposited By: Kölsch, Dr.-Ing. Benedikt
Deposited On:28 Oct 2022 10:47
Last Modified:28 Oct 2022 10:47

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