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Microelectrode Array Electrophysiological Recording of Neuronal Network Activity during a Short-Term Microgravity Phase

Kalinski, Laura and Striebel, Johannes and Sturm, Maximilian and Lichterfeld, Yannick and Drouvé, Nils and Peters, Stefan Lukas and El Sheikh, Sherif and Busskamp, Volker and Liemersdorf, Christian (2022) Microelectrode Array Electrophysiological Recording of Neuronal Network Activity during a Short-Term Microgravity Phase. COSPAR 2022 44th Scientific Assembly, 2022-07-16 - 2022-07-24, Athen, Griechenland.

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Abstract

During spaceflight, humans are subjected to a variety of environmental factors which deviate from Earth conditions. Especially the lack of gravity poses a big challenge to the human body and has been identified as a major trigger of many detrimental effects observed in returning astronauts but also in participants of spaceflight-analog studies. Structural alterations within the brain as well as declines in cognitive performance have been reported, which has brought the topic of brain health under microgravity into the focus of space research. However, the physiological mechanisms underlying these observations remain elusive. Every aspect of human cognition, behavior and psychomotor function is processed by the brain based on electro-chemical signals of billions of neurons, which relay information via neuronal networks throughout the body. Alterations in neuronal activity are the main cause of a variety of mental disorders and changed neuronal transmission may also lead to diminished human performance in space. Thus, understanding the functioning of these fundamental processes under the influence of altered gravity conditions on a cellular level is of high importance for any manned space mission. Previous electrophysiological experiments using patch clamp have shown that propagation velocity of action potentials (APs) is dependent on gravity. With this project, we aim to advance the electrophysiological approach from a single-cell level to a complex network level by employing Microelectrode array (MEA) technology. MEAs feature the advantage of real-time electrophysiological recording of a complex and mature neuronal network in vitro, without the need for invasive patch clamp insertion into cells. Using a custom-built pressure chamber, we were able to integrate and conduct our experiment on the ZARM Drop Tower platform, exposing the entire system to 4.7 s of high-quality microgravity (10-6 to 10-5 x g0). With this setup we were able to evaluate the functional activity patterns of iPSC-derived neuronal networks subjected to microgravity, while keeping them under controlled and stable temperature and pressure conditions. Activity data was acquired constantly - immediately before the drop, during the free-fall (microgravity) phase and during a subsequent post-drop recording phase. For neuronal activity analysis the action potential frequency in each experiment phase was calculated for the single electrodes. We found that during the 4.7 s lasting microgravity phase the mean action potential frequency across the neuronal networks was significantly elevated. Additionally, electrical activity readapted back to baseline level within 10 minutes of post-drop recordings. Our preliminary data shows that real-time, electrophysiological recording of neuronal network activity based on MEA technology is possible under altered gravity conditions and that differences in activity can be detected already in very short time frames in the second range. Furthermore, the observation that microgravity has an effect on the electrophysiological activity of neuronal networks is in line with previously published findings in single neurons and poses further questions with regards to astronaut brain health on manned space missions. The MEA payload system was approved for autonomous recording of redundant cellular electrophysiological data in the Drop Tower. It will be applied on other microgravity platforms such as sounding rockets and parabolic flights and thus increased experimental time. Apart from neurons, various other electrically active cellular systems such as myocytes or myotubes could be examined using this hardware.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/189404/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Title:Microelectrode Array Electrophysiological Recording of Neuronal Network Activity during a Short-Term Microgravity Phase
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iDORCID Put Code
Kalinski, LauraUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0009-0009-4447-3460UNSPECIFIED
Striebel, JohannesUniversity of Bonn, Dep. of OphthalmologyUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Sturm, MaximilianUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Lichterfeld, YannickUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0001-8755-9920UNSPECIFIED
Drouvé, NilsCologne University of Applied SciencesUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Peters, Stefan LukasCologne University of Applied SciencesUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
El Sheikh, SherifCologne University of Applied SciencesUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Busskamp, VolkerUniversity of Bonn, Dep. of OphthalmologyUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Liemersdorf, ChristianUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0001-8407-5226UNSPECIFIED
Date:19 July 2022
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Status:Published
Keywords:neuron, electrophysiology, multielectrode array, drop tower, microgravity
Event Title:COSPAR 2022 44th Scientific Assembly
Event Location:Athen, Griechenland
Event Type:international Conference
Event Start Date:16 July 2022
Event End Date:24 July 2022
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Research under Space Conditions
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R FR - Research under Space Conditions
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - NeuroSpace
Location: Köln-Porz
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Aerospace Medicine > Gravitational Biology
Deposited By: Kalinski, Laura
Deposited On:09 Nov 2022 11:18
Last Modified:24 Apr 2024 20:50

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