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Impact of the anions in the production of monolithic cellulose aerogels

Costa, Diogo and Goncalves, Bruno and Ganesan, Kathirvel and Milow, Barbara (2022) Impact of the anions in the production of monolithic cellulose aerogels. In: 6th International Seminar on Aerogels. 6th International Seminar on Aerogels, 28 – 30 September 2022, Hamburg, Germany.

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Official URL: https://supercriticalfluidsociety.net/wp-content/Aerogel2022/dir/AOG2022.htm

Abstract

Academia and industry are developing ways to produce novel materials from renewable bio-based sources. Cellulose is the most abundant polysaccharide on Earth and it is known for its renewability, low economical and environmental footprint as well as chemical and thermal stability. We are developing strategies to improve the properties and gelation time of cellulose aerogel monoliths and sheets by adding sodium salts in the solution preparation phase. Cellulose solution was prepared by dissolution method using a mixture of NaOH, urea and water as solvent. The slow gelation of the solution hinders the creation of a stable monolith shape as the up-scaling of its production. The addition of salts can induce gelation of the solution. Sodium salts of chloride, sulphate and citrate have been employed. In the present study the impact of anions have been explored. The impact of anions in the cellulose solution behaviour are studied through rheology by controlling temperature and gelation time. The influence of parameters such as the concentrations, charge densities and anionic nature of the salts are analysed. The production of highly porous aerogels are accomplished by supercritical drying. The produced cellulose aerogels are characterized by nitrogen adsorption-desorption isotherm, BJH pore data analyses, density analyses, powder X-ray diffraction, FTIR and scanning electron microscopy. The physical properties are compared which indicated that the aerogels present a porous network structure similar to classic aerogels depending upon the anions added. The addition of salts reduces the gelation time and physically supports the creation of a stable monolith. Acknowledgement: This project has received funding from the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under Marie Skolodowska-Curie grant agreement ID: 956621. It is carried out in a partnership between German Aerospace Center and the industrial partner KEEY Aerogel, Habsheim, France.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/188885/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Poster)
Title:Impact of the anions in the production of monolithic cellulose aerogels
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iD
Costa, DiogoUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Goncalves, BrunoUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Ganesan, KathirvelUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-4876-5366
Milow, BarbaraUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-6350-7728
Date:2022
Journal or Publication Title:6th International Seminar on Aerogels
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Editors:
EditorsEmailEditor's ORCID iD
Smirnova, Irinairina.smirnova@tuhh.deUNSPECIFIED
Status:Published
Keywords:cellulose; anions; monoliths; aerogels; pore structure; rheology.
Event Title:6th International Seminar on Aerogels
Event Location:Hamburg, Germany
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:28 – 30 September 2022
Organizer:Hamburg University of Technology
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Transport
HGF - Program Themes:Road Transport
DLR - Research area:Transport
DLR - Program:V ST Straßenverkehr
DLR - Research theme (Project):V - FFAE - Fahrzeugkonzepte, Fahrzeugstruktur, Antriebsstrang und Energiemanagement
Location: Köln-Porz
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Materials Research > Aerogels and Aerogel Composites
Deposited By: Amaral Santos Costa, Diogo Manuel
Deposited On:17 Oct 2022 08:23
Last Modified:17 Oct 2022 08:23

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