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Critical Resources for the Transformation of the Global Energy System - A Case for Concentrated Solar Power, Electrolysers, Fuel Cells and Photovoltaic

Schlichenmaier, Simon (2020) Critical Resources for the Transformation of the Global Energy System - A Case for Concentrated Solar Power, Electrolysers, Fuel Cells and Photovoltaic. Master's, HTWG Konstanz.

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Abstract

This thesis examines the transformation of the global energy system towards renewable energy sources with regard to resource criticality. The resource demand for the next 30 years of four different technology classes is calculated and compared with the respective available deposits. The technology classes Concentrated Solar Power, Electrolyser, Fuel Cell and Photovoltaic are examined on the basis of seven different energy scenarios which provide possible transition pathways for the energy system up to 2050. The specific resource demand used for the calculations is determined at the sub-technology level to reflect the diversity of the individual sub-technologies of the technology classes. Three sub-technology roadmaps are developed to model different possible market developments and to examine the impact of these developments on the overall resource demand. The assessment of criticality is mainly based on geological restraints. On the one hand, the annual demand is compared with the production capacities of the respective resources and, on the other hand, the cumulative demand is compared with the capacity of currently economically mineable and/or potentially feasible deposits. In this context, eleven resources were identified and evaluated as potentially critical. Cobalt, Iridium and Platinum were identified as very critical for the transformation of the energy system. Gallium, Germanium, Indium, Selenium and Silver were classified as critical under certain preconditions. Potassium was classified als moderately critical, whereas Nickel was the only resource considered which was classified as non-critical. It was not possible to conduct an evaluation of the criticality of Scandium, since the data basis was not sufficient for a meaningful assessment.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/188554/
Document Type:Thesis (Master's)
Title:Critical Resources for the Transformation of the Global Energy System - A Case for Concentrated Solar Power, Electrolysers, Fuel Cells and Photovoltaic
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iDORCID Put Code
Schlichenmaier, SimonUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Date:2020
Refereed publication:No
Open Access:No
Number of Pages:120
Status:Published
Keywords:resources, scenario assessment
Institution:HTWG Konstanz
Department:Department of Electrical Engineering and Information Technology
HGF - Research field:Energy
HGF - Program:Energy System Design
HGF - Program Themes:Energy System Transformation
DLR - Research area:Energy
DLR - Program:E SY - Energy System Technology and Analysis
DLR - Research theme (Project):E - Systems Analysis and Technology Assessment
Location: Stuttgart
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Networked Energy Systems > Energy Systems Analysis
Deposited By: Naegler, Tobias
Deposited On:02 Nov 2022 12:34
Last Modified:02 Nov 2022 12:34

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