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Critical Analysis of SpaceX's Next Generation Space Transportation System: Starship and Super Heavy

Wilken, Jascha and Sippel, Martin and Berger, Michael (2022) Critical Analysis of SpaceX's Next Generation Space Transportation System: Starship and Super Heavy. 2nd International Conference on High-Speed Vehicle Science Technology (HiSST), 2022-09-11 - 2022-09-15, Brügge, Belgien.

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Abstract

For the first time in the history of spaceflight a fully reusable launch system appears possible within the near future. Since its presentation in 2016 SpaceXs next generation space transport system has gone through multiple names and design iterations but some key design features remained constant: Full reusability, Full-Flow Staged Combustion engines and deeply subcooled LOX/LCH4 as propellants. The current design iteration is of special interest because hardware is being integrated and the first test flights, including landings, of the upper stage have been completed. A key feature of this iteration is the novel approach to use a 'skydiving' maneuver to dissipate as much energy as possible through aerodynamic forces before initiating a landing burn and landing vertically. The implications of a fully reusable system of this size on the orbital launch market are significant even if the ambitious plans for quick turnaround of stages are not fulfilled right from the beginning. Within this paper, the two-staged system is analyzed from a technical perspective based on publicly available information. The principal goal is to form an understanding of the high-level system properties. Of special interest are the return methods, which exhibit some novel properties. Overall a reasonable agreement between the generated models and the publicly available information is found. The design and its driving factors are discussed and a fundamental understanding of the high-level properties of the system is attained.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/188531/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Title:Critical Analysis of SpaceX's Next Generation Space Transportation System: Starship and Super Heavy
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iDORCID Put Code
Wilken, JaschaUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0001-5748-1261UNSPECIFIED
Sippel, MartinUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0001-7356-7575UNSPECIFIED
Berger, MichaelUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Date:September 2022
Refereed publication:No
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Status:Published
Keywords:SpaceX, FFSC, Starship, trajectory, RLV
Event Title:2nd International Conference on High-Speed Vehicle Science Technology (HiSST)
Event Location:Brügge, Belgien
Event Type:international Conference
Event Start Date:11 September 2022
Event End Date:15 September 2022
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Space Transportation
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R RP - Space Transportation
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - System Analysis Space Transport (SART) [RP]
Location: Bremen
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Space Systems > Space Launcher Systems Analysis
Deposited By: Callsen, Steffen
Deposited On:28 Sep 2022 12:50
Last Modified:24 Apr 2024 20:49

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