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Towards inclusivity of autonomous mobility services: access needs of people at risk of exclusion

Goralzik, Anne and König, Alexandra (2022) Towards inclusivity of autonomous mobility services: access needs of people at risk of exclusion. 52. Kongress der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Psychologie, 10.-15. Sep. 2022, Hildesheim.

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Abstract

Autonomous mobility services promise to complement traditional public transport by offering travellers both greater temporal and spatial flexibility. One key to the use of these services are digital journey planners for booking, payment, and route descriptions. Because these journey planners typically require access to smartphones as well as the ability to interact with them, both people with low digital literacy and people with disabilities run the risk of being excluded from using certain forms of autonomous mobility services. Aiming to contribute to a more inclusive design of autonomous mobility services, this paper investigates the access needs of a) people not using a smartphone and b) people with different types of disabilities regarding the use of autonomous shuttles. We analysed qualitative data from questionnaires (smartphone non-users: N = 43; disabled users: N = 123), interviews (smartphone non-users: N = 4), and workshops with Human Factors professionals (smartphone non-users: N = 9). For smartphone non-users, the results show that an adjusted service design that does not require a mobile app is crucial, e.g. by allowing the advance planning of trips and the use of existing transport infrastructure for booking and identifying pick-up locations. For disabled users, accessibility requirements predominantly addressed the interaction with the mobile app and the autonomous vehicle itself, e.g. through both visual and auditory channels. The divergence of identified access needs in both groups highlights the importance of engaging people at risk of exclusion early in the design process of autonomous mobility services for a greater degree of inclusion.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/188387/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Title:Towards inclusivity of autonomous mobility services: access needs of people at risk of exclusion
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iDORCID Put Code
Goralzik, AnneUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-8431-2284UNSPECIFIED
König, AlexandraUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0001-6332-3817UNSPECIFIED
Date:15 September 2022
Refereed publication:No
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Status:Published
Keywords:mobility, autonomous shuttles, accessibility, inclusion, digital literacy, disability
Event Title:52. Kongress der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Psychologie
Event Location:Hildesheim
Event Type:national Conference
Event Dates:10.-15. Sep. 2022
Organizer:Deutsche Gesellschaft für Psychologie e.V. (DGPs)
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Transport
HGF - Program Themes:Transport System
DLR - Research area:Transport
DLR - Program:V VS - Verkehrssystem
DLR - Research theme (Project):V - Zukunftsbilder eines automatisierten integrierten Verkehrssystems (old)
Location: Braunschweig
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Transportation Systems > Design and Evaluation of Mobility Solutions, BS
Deposited By: Goralzik, Anne
Deposited On:23 Sep 2022 14:36
Last Modified:23 Sep 2022 14:36

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