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Sea-Ice Permittivity Estimation using GNSS Reflectometry data of the MOSAiC Expedition

Semmling, Maximilian and Wickert, Jens and Kreß, Frederik and Hoque, Mohammed Mainul and Divine, Dmitry and Gerland, Sebastian and Spreen, Gunnar (2022) Sea-Ice Permittivity Estimation using GNSS Reflectometry data of the MOSAiC Expedition. ESA Living Planet Symposium 2022, 23.-27. Mai 2022, Bonn, Deutschland.

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Abstract

Sea ice is a crucial parameter of the Earth climate system. Its high albedo compared to water influences the oceans' radiation budget significantly. The importance of monitoring arises from the high variability of sea-ice state and amount induced by seasonal change and global warming. GNSS reflectometry can contribute to global monitoring of sea ice with high potential to extend the spatio-temporal coverage of today's observation techniques. Properties like ice salinity, temperature and thickness can affect the signal reflection. The MOSAiC expedition (Multidisciplinary drifting Observatory for the Study of Arctic Climate) gave us the opportunity to conduct reflectometry measurements under different sea-ice conditions in the central Arctic. A dedicated setup was mounted, in close cooperation with the Alfred-Wegener-Institute (AWI), on the German research icebreaker Polarstern that drifted for one year with the Arctic sea ice. We present results from data recorded between autumn 2019 and spring 2020. The ship drifted in this period from the Siberian Sector of the Arctic (October 2019), over the central Arctic (November 2019 until May 2020) towards Svalbard (reached in June 2020). Profiles of sea-ice reflectivity over elevation angle (range: 1° to 45°) are derived with daily resolution considering reflection data recorded at left-handed (LH) and right-handed (RH) circular polarization. Respective predictions of reflectivity are based on reflection models of bulk sea ice or a sea-ice slab. The latter allows to include the effect of signal penetration down to the underlying water. Results of comparison between LH profiles and bulk model confirm a reflectivity decreases (about 10 dB) when surrounding open water areas vanish and the ship drifts in compact sea ice. Results from autumn data (until mid-December 2019) have already been published [1,2] and comprise the following. First, estimates of sea-ice permittivity are obtained from mid-elevation range reflectivity (10° to 30°). The median of estimated permittivity 2.4 (period of compact sea ice) lies in the expected range of reported old ice type (mostly second-year ice). Second, anomalies in the low-elevations range of retrieved reflectivity (1° to 10°) give strong indication of signal penetration into the dominating second-year ice with influence of sea ice temperature and thickness. We conclude that sea-ice characterization in future can profit form GNSS reflectometry observations. The on-going study is currently extended to the further evolution of Arctic sea ice during winter and spring period of the MOSAiC expedition. [1] Semmling, A. M., J. Wickert, F. Kreß, M. M. Hoque, D. V. Divine, S. Gerland, and G. Spreen (2021). "Sea-ice permittivity derived from GNSS reflection profiles: Results of the MOSAiC expedition". IEEE Trans. Geosci. Rem. Sens. doi: 10.1109/TGRS.2021.3121993.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/188032/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Poster)
Title:Sea-Ice Permittivity Estimation using GNSS Reflectometry data of the MOSAiC Expedition
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iD
Semmling, MaximilianMaximilian.Semmling (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-5228-8072
Wickert, JensGeoForschungsZentrum Potsdamhttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-7379-5276
Kreß, Frederikf.kress (at) campus.tu-berlin.deUNSPECIFIED
Hoque, Mohammed MainulMainul.Hoque (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0001-5134-4901
Divine, DmitryDmitry.Divine (at) npolar.noUNSPECIFIED
Gerland, SebastianNorwegian Polar Institute, Fram Centre, Tromsø, Norwayhttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-2295-9867
Spreen, GunnarInstitute of Environmental Physics, University of Bremen, Bremen, Germany (gunnar.spreen (at) uni-bremen.de)https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0165-8448
Date:2022
Refereed publication:No
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Status:Published
Keywords:GNSS, Reflectometry, Arctic, MOSAiC
Event Title:ESA Living Planet Symposium 2022
Event Location:Bonn, Deutschland
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:23.-27. Mai 2022
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Communication, Navigation, Quantum Technology
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R KNQ - Communication, Navigation, Quantum Technology
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Ionosphere
Location: Neustrelitz
Institutes and Institutions:Institute for Solar-Terrestrial Physics > Space Weather Observation
Deposited By: Semmling, Dr. Maximilian
Deposited On:14 Oct 2022 12:11
Last Modified:14 Oct 2022 12:11

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