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Simulation of the impact of parameter manipulations due to cyber-attacks and severe electrical faults on Offshore Wind Farms

Kulev, Nikolai and Sill Torres, Frank (2022) Simulation of the impact of parameter manipulations due to cyber-attacks and severe electrical faults on Offshore Wind Farms. Ocean Engineering, 260. Elsevier. doi: 10.1016/j.oceaneng.2022.111936. ISSN 0029-8018.

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Official URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0029801822012720?via%3Dihub

Abstract

Motivated by the transition to renewable energies in the context of ongoing climate change, offshore wind energy is of rising importance for the energy provision on national and international level. This trend, though, puts pressure on the safety and security community to provide appropriate analyses and solutions in regard to safety and security threats. Based on this motivation, this work investigates the internal disturbances in Offshore Wind Farms (OWF) provoked by cyber-attacks and severe electrical faults that might lead to high impact events. Therefore, the influences of these disturbances are quantified using a simulation model that represents electrical and mechanical aspects as well as the protection and control system. Furthermore, the dependence of the system response on to the disturbance characteristics is determined and the critical values of the disturbance characteristics leading to the OWF service interruption or even physical damage are identified. The results indicate in quantitative manner processes in the electrical and mechanical systems during parameter manipulations due to cyber-attacks and severe electrical faults. This, together with the quantitative signatures of the disturbances, enable future improvements of the security and stability of OWF systems.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/187902/
Document Type:Article
Title:Simulation of the impact of parameter manipulations due to cyber-attacks and severe electrical faults on Offshore Wind Farms
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iD
Kulev, NikolaiNikolai.Kulev (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-5201-5883
Sill Torres, FrankFrank.SillTorres (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-4028-455X
Date:15 September 2022
Journal or Publication Title:Ocean Engineering
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Volume:260
DOI:10.1016/j.oceaneng.2022.111936
Publisher:Elsevier
Series Name:Safety, Reliability and Risk Analysis of Modern Marine Power and Energy Systems
ISSN:0029-8018
Status:Published
Keywords:Offshore wind farm, Power system dynamics, Disturbance impact, Cyber-attacks, Power system security, Safety
HGF - Research field:other
HGF - Program:other
HGF - Program Themes:other
DLR - Research area:no assignment
DLR - Program:no assignment
DLR - Research theme (Project):no assignment
Location: Bremerhaven
Institutes and Institutions:Institute for the Protection of Maritime Infrastructures > Reslience of Maritime Systems
Deposited By: Kulev, Nikolai
Deposited On:22 Aug 2022 07:10
Last Modified:22 Aug 2022 08:25

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