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The Annual Cycle of the Axial Angular Momentum of the Atmosphere

Egger, J. und Hoinka, K.P. (2005) The Annual Cycle of the Axial Angular Momentum of the Atmosphere. Journal of Climate, 18, Seiten 757-771. American Meteorological Society. DOI: 10.1175/JCLI-3290.1

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Earlier analyses of the annual cycle of the axial angular momentum (AAM) are extended to include mass flows and vertical transports as observed, and to establish angular momentum budgets for various control volumes, using the European Centre for Medium-Range Forecasts (ECMWF) Re-Analyses (ERA) for the years 1979–92, transformed to height coordinates. In particular, the role of the torques is examined. The annual cycle of the zonally averaged angular momentum is large in the latitude belt 20°  |ϕ|  45°, with little attenuation in the vertical up to a height of ∼12 km. The oscillation of the mass term (AAM due to the earth’s rotation) dominates in the lower troposphere, but that of the wind term (relative AAM) is more important elsewhere. The cycle of the friction torque as related to the trade winds prevails in the Tropics. Mountain torque and friction torque are equally important in the extratropical latitudes of the Northern Hemisphere. The annual and the semiannual cycle of the global angular momentum are in good balance with the global mountain and friction torques. The addition of the global gravity wave torque destroys this agreement. The transports must be adjusted if budgets of domains of less than global extent are to be considered. Both a streamfunction, representing the nondivergent part of the fluxes, and a flux potential, describing the divergences/convergences, are determined. The streamfunction pattern mainly reflects the seasonal shift of the Hadley cell. The flux potential links the annual oscillations of the angular momentum with the torques. It is concluded that the interaction of the torques with the angular momentum is restricted to the lower troposphere, in particular, in the Tropics. The range of influence is deeper in the Northern Hemisphere than in the Southern Hemisphere, presumably because of the mountains. The angular momentum cycle in the upper troposphere and stratosphere is not affected by the torques and reflects interhemispheric flux patterns. Budgets for the polar as well as for the midlatitude domains show that fluxes in the stratosphere are important.

Titel:The Annual Cycle of the Axial Angular Momentum of the Atmosphere
AutorenInstitution oder E-Mail-AdresseAutoren-ORCID-iD
Egger, J.Univ. München, MünchenNICHT SPEZIFIZIERT
Erschienen in:Journal of Climate
Referierte Publikation:Ja
In Open Access:Nein
In ISI Web of Science:Ja
DOI :10.1175/JCLI-3290.1
Seitenbereich:Seiten 757-771
Verlag:American Meteorological Society
Stichwörter:angular momentum, ERA, torques
HGF - Forschungsbereich:Verkehr und Weltraum (alt)
HGF - Programm:Weltraum (alt)
HGF - Programmthema:W EO - Erdbeobachtung
DLR - Schwerpunkt:Weltraum
DLR - Forschungsgebiet:W EO - Erdbeobachtung
DLR - Teilgebiet (Projekt, Vorhaben):W - Vorhaben Atmosphären- und Klimaforschung (alt)
Standort: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institute & Einrichtungen:Institut für Physik der Atmosphäre > Wolkenphysik und Verkehrsmeteorologie
Hinterlegt von: Löb, Ute
Hinterlegt am:17 Mär 2008
Letzte Änderung:08 Mär 2018 18:42

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