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Fundamentally secure data with the help of quantum key distribution on CubeSats

Haber, Roland and Scharnagel, Julian and Schilling, Klaus and Weinfurter, Harald and Marquardt, Christoph and Moll, Florian and Grünefeld, Matthias and Freiwang, Peter and Rosenfeld, Wenjamin and Bayraktar, Oemer and Rödiger, Benjamin and Schmidt, Christopher (2019) Fundamentally secure data with the help of quantum key distribution on CubeSats. In: 70th International Astronautical Congress, IAC 2019. Proceedings of the International Astronautical Congress, IAC, 21.-25. Oct. 2019, Washington. ISSN 00741795.

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With the uprise of worldwide satellite communication networks, data security is a critical issue. This issue is being addressed in the QUBE project, which proposes a CubeSat for quantum cryptography experiments. The satellite and its subsystems are currently being developed and will be used for the downlink of individual photons, or strongly attenuated light pulses, containing encoded quantum information, which can then be employed for the exchange of encryption keys. The launch of the 3U Nanosatellite is planned for early 2020. It will be built using the UNISEC-Europe standard, which has demonstrated to be able to provide a robust structure for increased reliability in CubeSat missions. In addition to state-of-the-art reaction wheels for precision pointing, the satellite will be bringing the OSIRIS optical downlink system from DLR as well as two dedicated payloads for testing components required for quantum key distribution. A sequence of numbers will be created by a miniaturized quantum random number generator (QRNG), which will be used to set the quantum states of the light pulses. These pulses will then be downlinked to the optical ground station (OGS) at DLR in Oberpfaffenhofen, Germany. The ground station is also equipped with the corresponding components for receiving individual quantum states. In addition, the random numbers will be made available via an RF downlink. The photon states received by the optical ground station will then be compared to the previously generated numbers. Due to the underlying quantum mechanics, any attempt of reading the quantum states will alter them, which makes interceptions easily detectable. These quantum key distribution experiments will evaluate whether secure communication links are possible even on a CubeSat scale. A major challenge for building the proposed CubeSat is the attitude determination and control system that will provide precise pointing. This work will outline detailed mission requirements as well as the chosen subsystems for tackling these challenges in order to achieve a successful mission and prepare for future data security.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/187536/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Title:Fundamentally secure data with the help of quantum key distribution on CubeSats
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iD
Haber, RolandZentrum für Telematik, Magdalene-Schoch-Str. 5, Wuerzburg, 97074, GermanyUNSPECIFIED
Scharnagel, JulianZentrum für Telematik, Magdalene-Schoch-Str. 5, Wuerzburg, 97074, GermanyUNSPECIFIED
Schilling, KlausInformatics VII: Robotics and Telematics, Julius-Maximilians-University Wuerzburg, Am Hubland, Würzburg, 97074, GermanyUNSPECIFIED
Weinfurter, HaraldLMUUNSPECIFIED
Marquardt, ChristophMax-Planck-Institut für die Physik des LichtsUNSPECIFIED
Grünefeld, MatthiasOHB System AG, Manfred-Fuchs-Straße 1, Weßling / Oberpfaffenhofen (Munich), 82234, GermanyUNSPECIFIED
Freiwang, PeterLudwig-Maximilians-Universität MuenchenUNSPECIFIED
Rosenfeld, WenjaminLudwig-Maximilians-Universität MuenchenUNSPECIFIED
Bayraktar, OemerMax Planck Institute for the Science of LightUNSPECIFIED
Rödiger, BenjaminUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0009-0004-9856-1806
Journal or Publication Title:70th International Astronautical Congress, IAC 2019
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Keywords:CubeSat; QKD; QRNG; Quantum Encryption
Event Title:Proceedings of the International Astronautical Congress, IAC
Event Location:Washington
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:21.-25. Oct. 2019
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Communication, Navigation, Quantum Technology
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R KNQ - Communication, Navigation, Quantum Technology
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Project PROSIRIS, R - OSIRIS Future
Location: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Communication and Navigation > Optical Satellite Links
Deposited By: Rödiger, Benjamin
Deposited On:22 Jul 2022 15:58
Last Modified:29 Mar 2023 00:51

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