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Challenges in the Technology Development for Additive Manufacturing in Space

Zocca, Andrea and Wilbig, Janka and Waske, Anja and Günster, Jens and Wigjaja, Martinus and Neumann, Christian and Clozel, Melanie and Meyer, Andreas and Ding, Jifeng and Zhou, Zuoxin and Tian, Xiaoyong (2022) Challenges in the Technology Development for Additive Manufacturing in Space. Chinese Journal of Mechanical Engineering: Additive Manufacturing Frontiers. Elsevier. doi: 10.1016/j.cjmeam.2022.100018. ISSN 2772-6657.

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Official URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2772665722000083

Abstract

Instead of foreseeing and preparing for all possible scenarios of machine failures, accidents, and other challenges arising in space missions, it appears logical to take advantage of the flexibility of additive manufacturing for “in-space manufacturing” (ISM). Manned missions into space rely on complicated equipment, and their safe operation is a great challenge. Bearing in mind the absolute distance for manned missions to the Moon and Mars, the supply of spare parts for the repair and replacement of lost equipment via shipment from Earth would require too much time. With the high flexibility in design and the ability to manufacture ready-to-use components directly from a computer-aided model, additive manufacturing technologies appear to be extremely attractive in this context. Moreover, appropriate technologies are required for the manufacture of building habitats for extended stays of astronauts on the Moon and Mars, as well as material/feedstock. The capacities for sending equipment and material into space are not only very limited and costly, but also raise concerns regarding environmental issues on Earth. Accordingly, not all materials can be sent from Earth, and strategies for the use of in-situ resources, i.e., in-situ resource utilization (ISRU), are being envisioned. For the manufacturing of both complex parts and equipment, as well as for large infrastructure, appropriate technologies for material processing in space need to be developed.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/187041/
Document Type:Article
Title:Challenges in the Technology Development for Additive Manufacturing in Space
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iD
Zocca, AndreaBAM - Bundesanstalt für Materialforschung und -prüfungUNSPECIFIED
Wilbig, JankaBAM - Bundesanstalt für Materialforschung und -prüfungUNSPECIFIED
Waske, AnjaBAM - Bundesanstalt für Materialforschung und -prüfungUNSPECIFIED
Günster, JensBAM - Bundesanstalt für Materialforschung und -prüfungUNSPECIFIED
Wigjaja, MartinusBAM - Bundesanstalt für Materialforschung und -prüfungUNSPECIFIED
Neumann, ChristianChristian.Neumann (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-0178-7338
Clozel, MelanieMelanie.Clozel (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Meyer, AndreasAndreas.Meyer (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Ding, JifengCASTUNSPECIFIED
Zhou, ZuoxinCASTUNSPECIFIED
Tian, XiaoyongXi'an Jiaotong UniversityUNSPECIFIED
Date:15 March 2022
Journal or Publication Title:Chinese Journal of Mechanical Engineering: Additive Manufacturing Frontiers
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
DOI:10.1016/j.cjmeam.2022.100018
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:2772-6657
Status:Published
Keywords:Additive Manufacturing, 3d printing, Selective Laser melting, SLM, fused deposition moulding, FDM, Space, weightlessness, microgravity, low gravity, zero gravity, reduced gravity, Moon, Mars, technology, metallic glass, layer thickness, powder application, powder handling, laser sintering, in-space manufacturing, ISM, in-situ ressource utilization, ISRU, Regolith, Steel, Fibre reenforced, PEEK, manned mission, astronauts, deep space, base, feedstock, material processing,
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Research under Space Conditions
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R FR - Research under Space Conditions
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - User Centre Research under Space Conditions, R - MAPHEUS C
Location: Köln-Porz
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Materials Physics in Space
Deposited By: Neumann, Christian
Deposited On:13 Jul 2022 19:41
Last Modified:13 Jul 2022 19:41

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