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UndercoverEisAgents - Bird's Eye View of Permafrost Thawing

Müller, Marlin and Thiel, Christian and Klan, Friederike and Kaiser, Soraya and Langer, Moritz and Lenz, Josefine and Lantuit, Hugues and Fritz, Oliver and Marx, Sabrina and Zipf, Alexader (2022) UndercoverEisAgents - Bird's Eye View of Permafrost Thawing. ESA Living Planet Symposium, 2022-05-23 - 2022-05-27, Bonn, Deutschland.

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People in the Arctic have been experiencing dramatic changes to their landscapes for several decades. One cause is the thawing of permafrost, which affects the livelihoods of indigenous people the hardest. The thawing process of permafrost is also associated with ecological impacts including the release of greenhouse gases. Thawing is evident from very small-scale changes and disturbances to the land surface, which have been inadequately documented. By combining the knowledge of the Indigenous people in Northwest Canada and science, we seek to thoroughly understand and monitor surface changes attributable to permafrost thaw. The goal is to improve the database through UAV (Unmanned aerial vehicle) and satellite imagery together with young Citizen Scientists from schools in Northwest Canada and Germany. The high-resolution UAV datasets can also be utilized as a ground truthing baseline for further analyses employing optical and radar remote sensing time series data to gain a better understanding of the long-term changes in the region. This approach allows for the expansion of spaceborne remote sensing to very inaccessible regions in the global north while maintaining knowledge of the conditions on the ground. Due to the planned acquisition period of multiple years as well as the fast pace of changing environments on the ground, a change detection is possible within a short time period. Because one of the main goals of this project is the employment of cost-efficient consumer-grade UAVs, flight parameters must be optimized to enable precise 3D-models created by SfM (Structure from Motion), which are comparable over time as well as consistent with the spaceborne remote sensing datasets. Permafrost soil oftentimes stands out due to its striking polygonal surface features, especially if degradation processes have already set in. These structures range over different spatial scales and can be utilized to determine the grade of degradation. Using very high-resolution imagery of UAVs combined with high temporal repeat acquisitions of satellite remote sensing platforms, a comprehensive archive of observable surface features indicating the degree of degradation can be developed. For this, an automated workflow is going to be implemented, deriving the surface features from the acquired datasets with a subsequent analysis and monitoring of permafrost degradation based on classical image processing approaches as well as KI-based classification methods. In support of these methods, citizen scientist are integrated in the classification and evaluation process. To this end, school classes from both countries will participate in "virtual shared classrooms" to collect and analyze high-resolution remote sensing data. Students in Germany will be able to gain a direct connection to Northwest Canada through data and knowledge exchange with class mentors. The goals are to transfer knowledge and raise awareness about global warming, permafrost, and related regional and global challenges. The scientific data will provide new insights into biophysical processes in Arctic regions and contribute to a large-scale understanding of the state and change of permafrost in the Arctic. The UndercoverIceAgents project, funded by the Federal Ministry of Education and Research in Germany, was initiated in summer 2021.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/186749/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Poster)
Title:UndercoverEisAgents - Bird's Eye View of Permafrost Thawing
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iDORCID Put Code
Klan, FriederikeUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-1856-7334UNSPECIFIED
Langer, MoritzAlfred-Wegener-Institut, Potsdamhttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-2704-3655UNSPECIFIED
Lenz, JosefineAlfred Wegener Institute, Helmholtz Centre for Polar and Marine Research, Am Handelshafen 12, 27570 Bremerhaven, Association of Polar Early Career Scientists, Alfred Wegener Institute for Polar & Marine Research, Telegrafenberg A45, 14473 Potsdam, Germanyhttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-4050-3169UNSPECIFIED
Lantuit, HuguesAlfred-Wegener-Institut, Potsdamhttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-1497-6760UNSPECIFIED
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Keywords:Drones, permafrost, polygones, tundra, AI
Event Title:ESA Living Planet Symposium
Event Location:Bonn, Deutschland
Event Type:international Conference
Event Start Date:23 May 2022
Event End Date:27 May 2022
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Space Exploration
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R EW - Space Exploration
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - QS-Project_04 Big-Data-Plattform
Location: Jena
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Data Science > Data Acquisition and Mobilisation
Deposited By: Thiel, Christian
Deposited On:14 Jun 2022 09:23
Last Modified:24 Apr 2024 20:48

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