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A Concept for a Mars Boundary Layer Sounding Balloon: Science Case, Technical Concept and Deployment Risk Analysis

Witte, Lars and Arnold, Gabriele and Bertram, Jan Alexander and Grott, M. and Krämer, Caroline and Lorek, Andreas and Wippermann, Torben (2022) A Concept for a Mars Boundary Layer Sounding Balloon: Science Case, Technical Concept and Deployment Risk Analysis. Aerospace. Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI). doi: 10.3390/aerospace9030136. ISSN 2226-4310.

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Official URL: https://www.mdpi.com/2226-4310/9/3/136

Abstract

The Mars Exploration Program Analysis Group has identified measurements of the state and the variability of the Martian atmosphere as high priority investigations for the upcoming years. Balloon-borne instruments could bridge the gap in both temporal and spatial resolution in mesoscale distances between local, stationary landers and global orbiter observations. The idea to use a balloon system for such a purpose is not new in essence and has been proposed already in past decades. While those concepts considered an aerial deployment during entry and descent, the concept outlined in this study revisits a launch off the payload deck of a lander from the Martian surface. This deployment option profits today mainly from the technological advance in micro-electronics and sensor miniaturization, which enables the design of a balloon-probe significantly smaller than earlier proposed systems. This paper presents the feasibility assessment for this instrument and gives further details on the scientific and operational concept, a strawman sensor suite, its system components and the associated size and budget estimates. It is complemented by the analysis scheme proposed to assess, manage and mitigate the deployment risk involved in automatically launching such a balloon-system off a planetary surface.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/185555/
Document Type:Article
Title:A Concept for a Mars Boundary Layer Sounding Balloon: Science Case, Technical Concept and Deployment Risk Analysis
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iDORCID Put Code
Witte, LarsUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-3921-2524UNSPECIFIED
Arnold, GabrieleUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Bertram, Jan AlexanderUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-0033-867XUNSPECIFIED
Grott, M.UNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-8613-7096UNSPECIFIED
Krämer, CarolineUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Lorek, AndreasUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-8960-6214UNSPECIFIED
Wippermann, TorbenUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-0354-6557UNSPECIFIED
Date:4 March 2022
Journal or Publication Title:Aerospace
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:Yes
In SCOPUS:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
DOI:10.3390/aerospace9030136
Publisher:Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI)
ISSN:2226-4310
Status:Published
Keywords:Mars exploration; aerobot; scientific ballooning; planetary boundary layer; atmospheric physics
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Space Exploration
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R EW - Space Exploration
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Mars Boundary Layer Explorer
Location: Berlin-Adlershof , Bremen
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Space Systems > Land and Exploration Technology
Institute of Planetary Research > Planetary Laboratories
Institute of Planetary Research > Planetary Sensor Systems
Deposited By: Witte, Dr. Lars
Deposited On:08 Mar 2022 09:18
Last Modified:07 Feb 2023 08:44

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